Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Use of an efficient method for culturing human mammary epithelial cells to study adriamycin sensitivity

Summary

Techniques are described for isolating, cryopreserving, and culturing human mammary epithelial cells of both normal and malignant origin. The cells can be grown either in mass culture or as a clonal assay suitable for quantitating drug sensitivity. With this clonal assay plating efficiencies of 6%–41% were routinely obtained. We examined the response to adriamycin of five different primary carcinoma cultures from patients without prior drug therapy. We were able to detect heterogeneity in response to adriamycin among the breast carcinoma cultures as well as heterogeneity among subpopulations within a single carcinoma. The differences in adriamycin sensitivity were unrelated to growth rates in culture.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    Alberts DS, Salmon SE, Chen H, Surwit SG, Moon TE (1980) Correlative and predictive accuracy of the human tumor stem cell assay for anticancer drug activity in ovarian cancer patients. Proc Am Soc Clin Oncol 16: 431

  2. 2.

    Alberts DS, Chen HSG, Salmon SE, Surwit EA, Young L, Moon TE (1981a) Chemotherapy of ovarian cancer directed by the human tumor stem cell assay. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 6: 279–285

  3. 3.

    Alberts DS, Salmon SE, Chen HSG, Moon TE, Young L, Surwit EA (1981b) Pharmacologic studies of anticancer drugs with the human tumor stem cell assay. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 6: 253–264

  4. 4.

    Hackett AJ, Smith HS, Springer EL, Owens RB, Nelson-Rees WA, Riggs JL, Gardner M (1977) Two syngeneic cell lines from human breast tissue: One aneuploid mammary epithelial (Hs578T) and one diploid myoepithelial (Hs578Bst). J Natl Cancer Inst 58: 1795–1806

  5. 5.

    Hamburger AW, Salmon SE (1977) Primary bioassay of human tumor stem cells. Science 197: 461–463

  6. 6.

    Lan S, Smith HS, Stamper MR (1981) Clonal growth of normal and malignant human breast epithelia. J Surg Oncol (in press)

  7. 7.

    MacKintosh FR, Evans TL, Sikic BI (1981) Methodologic problems in clonogenic assays of spontaneous human tumors. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 6: 205–210

  8. 8.

    Peehl DM, Ham RG (1980) Growth and differentiation of human keratinocytes without a feeder layer on conditioned medium. In Vitro 16: 516–525

  9. 9.

    Peterson JA, Buehring GC, Taylor-Pappadimitriou J, Ceriani RL (1978) Expression of human mammary epithelial (HME) antigens in primary cultures of normal and abnormal breast tissue. Int J Cancer 22: 655–661

  10. 10.

    Peterson JA, Bartholomew JG, Stampfer M, Ceriani RL (1980) Quantitative changes in expression of human mammary epithelial (HME) antigens in breast cancer as measured by flow cytofluorimetry. J Exp Biol

  11. 11.

    Rosenblum ML, Dougherty DV, Reese C (1981) Potentials and possible pitfalls of human stem cell analysis. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 6: 227–235

  12. 12.

    Salmon SE, Hamburger AW, Soehnlen BS, Durie BGM, Alberts DS, Moon TE (1978) Quantitation of differential sensitivity of human-tumor stem cells to anticancer drugs. N Engl J Med 298: 1321–1327

  13. 13.

    Slocum HK, Pavelic ZP, Kanter PM, Nowak NJ, Rustum YM (1981) The soft agar clonogenicity and characterization of cells obtained from human solid tumors by mechanical and enzymatic means. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 6: 219–225

  14. 14.

    Smith HS, Hackett AJ, Riggs JL, Mosesson ML, Walton JR, Stampfer MR (1979) Properties of epithelial cells cultured from human carcinomas and nonmalignant tissues. J Supramol Struct 11: 147–166

  15. 15.

    Stampfer MR, Allows PC, Hackett AJ (1980) Growth of normal human mammary cells in culture. In vitro 16: 415–425

  16. 15a.

    Smith HS, Hackett AJ, Lans, Stampfer R (1981) Use of an efficient method for culturing human mammary epithelial cells to study adriamycin sensitivity. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 6: 237–244

  17. 16.

    Stampfer MR, Vlodavsky I, Riggs JL, Smith HS (1981) Fibronectin production by human mammary epithelial cells in culture. J Natl Cancer Inst (in press)

  18. 17.

    Von Hoff DD (1980) Clinical correlations of drug sensitivity in tumor stem cell assay. Proc Am Assoc Cancer Res 71: 134

  19. 18.

    Von Hoff DD, Cowan J, Harris G, Reisdorf G (1981) Human tumor cloning: feasibility and clinical correlations. Cancer chemother Pharmacol 6: 265–271

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Helene S. Smith.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Smith, H.S., Hackett, A.J., Lan, S. et al. Use of an efficient method for culturing human mammary epithelial cells to study adriamycin sensitivity. Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol. 6, 237–244 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00256976

Download citation

Keywords

  • Carcinoma
  • Growth Rate
  • Epithelial Cell
  • Cancer Research
  • Drug Therapy