Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Texture analysis — A new method of differentiating prostatic carcinoma from prostatic hypertrophy

  • 33 Accesses

  • 6 Citations


This study compares the results of a new computer assisted evaluation programm of sonographic images of the prostate with the histological examination of the operative specimen. This computer program is based on the fact that the human eye is not capable of distinguishing picture distribution points which differ in higher than second order statistics. The sensitivity of the method was 89%, the specificity 86% and the diagnostic accuracy 88%. The results are discussed by comparing them to results of transrectal sonography and digital palpation as reported in the literature.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    Barnes WR, Ninan CA (1972) Carcinoma of the prostate: biopsy and conservative therapy. J Urol 108:897–900

  2. 2.

    Breackman J, Denis L (1983) The practice and pitfalls of ultrasonography of the lower urinary tract. Eur Urol 9:193–201

  3. 3.

    Brooman PJC, Peeling WB, Griffiths GJ, Roberts E, Evans K (1981) A comparison between digital examination and the perrectal ultrasound in the evaluation of the prostate. Br J Urol 53:617–620

  4. 4.

    Gammelgaard J, Holm HH (1980) Transurethral and transrectal ultrasonic scanning in urology. J Urol 124:863–868

  5. 5.

    Greenberg M, Neimen HL, Vogelzang R, Falkowski W (1982) Ultrasonographic features of prostatic carcinoma. J Clin Ultrasound 10:307–312

  6. 6.

    Harada K, Tanahashi Y, Igari D, Numata I, Orikasa S (1980) Clinical evaluation of inside echo patients in gray scale prostatic echography. J Urol 124:216–220

  7. 7.

    Kadow JC, Gingell JC, Penry JB (1985) Prostatic ultrasonography: a useful technique? Br J Urol 57:440–443

  8. 8.

    Peeling WB, Griffiths GJ (1984) Imaging of the prostate by ultrasound. J Urol 132:217–224

  9. 9.

    Resnick MI, Willard WJ, Boyce HW (1978) Ultrasonic evaluation of the prostatic nodule. J Urol 120:86–89

  10. 10.

    Schuster E, Knoflach P, Huber K, Grabner G (1986) An interactive processing system for ultrasonic compound imaging, real-time processing and texture analysis. Ultrason Imaging 8: 131–150

  11. 11.

    Watnabe H, Igari D, Tanehishi Y, Harada K, Saitoh M (1974) Development and application of new equipment for transrectal ultrasonography. J Clin Ultrasound 2:91–98

  12. 12.

    Wawerda C (1984) Untersuchung von Gewebe mittels Textur-Algorithmen. Masters Thesis, Technical University Vienna

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kratzik, C., Schuster, E., Hainz, A. et al. Texture analysis — A new method of differentiating prostatic carcinoma from prostatic hypertrophy. Urol. Res. 16, 395–397 (1988).

Download citation

Key words

  • Texture analysis
  • Prostatic Hypertrophy
  • Prostatic Carcinoma