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A new approach to polarized fluorescence using phase and modulation fluorometry

II. Experiments with 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene in lipid bilayers

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Abstract

In the preceding paper, an alternative method is described for obtaining information about the reorientational behavior of a fluorophore in a membrane system from frequency domain measurements. To demonstrate this new analysis procedure, we present data for the probe-molecule 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH) in l-α-dimyristoyl- and l-α-dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC and DPPC) obtained with two different phase fluorometers: the SLM 4800A Subnanosecond Spectrofluorometer which has only three fixed frequencies available (6, 18 and 30 MHz) and the recently constructed continuously variable multifrequency phasefluorometer (Gratton and Limkeman 1983).

It will be shown that reasonable information about the anisotropy behavior of a fluorophore can be obtained even if only three frequencies are used. The phase modulation technique was also used to check the new expression for the anisotropy, r(t), called the general model and introduced by Van der Meer et al. (1984). The parameters 〈P 2〉, 〈P 4〉 and D, obtained from the nonlinear least squares fit (Bevington 1969) for this general model, confirm the results from the pulse technique of Ameloot and coworkers (Ameloot et al. 1984; Pottel et al. 1986).

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Pottel, H., Van der Meer, B.W., Herreman, W. et al. A new approach to polarized fluorescence using phase and modulation fluorometry. Eur Biophys J 15, 47–58 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00255034

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Key words

  • Fluorescence anisotropy
  • phase fluorometry
  • diphenylhexatriene