The immunoreactive fraction of an anti-CEA monoclonal antibody preparation has been progressively decreased by the addition of increasing proportions of impurity in the form of immunologically inert mouse immunoglobulin. Following radioiodination, the immunoreactive fractions of the preparations were determined and their localization in a human tumour xenograft in nude mice was assessed. There was a progressive decline in tumour localization, from tumour to blood ratios of 2:1 with unadulterated antibody to 0.6:1 with preparations only 15% with respect to the initial antibody. These findings demonstrate that the immunoreactive fraction of monoclonal antibody preparations is a major limiting factor in tumour localization and this has implications for experimental and clinical applications of monoclonal antibodies.
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Pimm, M.V., Baldwin, R.W. Comparative tumour localization properties of radiolabelled monoclonal antibody preparations of defined immunoreactivities. Eur J Nucl Med 13, 348–352 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00252993
- Monoclonal antibody
- Immunoreactive fraction
- Tumour localization