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Phase I clinical trial of ethyl 6-deoxy-3,5-di-O-methyl 6-(3 methyl-3-nitrosoureido)-alpha-D-glucofuranoside (CGP 6809)

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A phase I study of single i. v. doses of a new sugar containing nitrosourea 6-deoxy-3,5 di-O-methyl 6-(3 methyl-3-nitrosoureido)-alpha-D-glucofuranoside (CGP 6809, EDMN) has been carried out in 47 patients with advanced solid tumors. Nine dose levels between 200 and 4500 mg/m2 were examined. Nausea and vomiting were seen in most patients but were controlled with antiemetics. Myelosuppression was minimal. The dose-limiting toxicity was hepatotoxicity, occurring early (peak at days 2–4) and resolving rapidly. No cumulative toxicity was seen with an every 6 weeks schedule. Other toxicities were abdominal pain, diarrhea, arm pain, restlessness, and headache. Pharmacokinetic studies in 20 patients using an HPLC assay and in 5 patients using [14C]EDMN showed a short half-life, rapid plasma clearance, rapid metabolism, and minimal excretion of unchanged drug. There was one partial response in a patient with colon carcinoma. The recommended dose for phase II studies is 3750 mg/m2 every 6 weeks.

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Correspondence to Patrick J. Creaven.

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Creaven, P.J., Madajewicz, S., Cowens, J.W. et al. Phase I clinical trial of ethyl 6-deoxy-3,5-di-O-methyl 6-(3 methyl-3-nitrosoureido)-alpha-D-glucofuranoside (CGP 6809). Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol. 20, 37–40 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00252957

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  • Sugar
  • Ethyl
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Partial Response