Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

A comparison of androgenetic doubled-haploid, and single seed descent lines in Triticale

  • 57 Accesses

  • 21 Citations

Summary

Sixty single seed descent (SSD) lines and about 25 anther-derived doubled-haploid (DH) lines were obtained from two triticale crosses. The frequency distributions of 10 quantitative agronomic traits were compared using parametric and non-parametric tests. A multivariate discriminant analysis was subsequently carried out. Gliadin patterns obtained from each line by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis were used to calculate intra- and inter-population diversities from relative dissimilarity indices. It was found that DH and SSD lines show significant differences in frequency distributions of 1000 grain weight in both crosses, of heading date for one cross, and of lodging susceptibility for the other cross. The results of intra- and inter-population gliadin diversity indicate that although the SSD method theoretically provides more opportunity for recombination to occur than the DH method, it did not produce a greater range of recombinants. Since there is no significant difference between SSD- and DH-line distributions for grain yield, anther culture appears to be an efficient method for producing high yielding homozygous lines from F1 hybrids of triticale in a relatively short time.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Autran JC, Bourdet A (1975) L'identification des variétés de blé: établissement d'un tableau général de détermination fondé sur le diagramme électrophorétique des gliadines du grain. Ann Amelior Plant 25:277–301

  2. Bachacou J, Masson JC, Millier C (1981) Manuel de la programmathéque statistique. CNRF-INRA 54280 Champenoux, France

  3. Branlard G (1980) Contribution à l'étude biochimique et génétique du polymorphisme des prolamines. Application à l'étude de Triticum aestivum ssp vulgare. Ph D Thesis No 102, University of Clermont-Ferrand, France

  4. Branlard G, Mabault L (1984) Comparison of rye populations (S. cereale) according to their secalin polymorphism. Cereal Res Commun 12:215–221

  5. Brown JWS, Flavell RG (1981) Fractionation of wheat gliadin and glutenin subunits by two-dimensional electrophoresis and the role of group 6 and group 1 chromosomes in gliadin synthesis. Theor Appl Genet 59:349–359

  6. Bushuk W, Zillman RR (1976) Wheat cultivar identification by gliadin electrophoregrams I: apparatus, method and nomenclature. Can J Plant Sci 58:505–515

  7. Charmet G, Bernard S (1984) Diallel analysis of androgenetic plant production in hexaploid triticale (X Triticosecale, Wittmack). Theor Appl Genet 69:55–60

  8. Chen CC, Chiu WL, Yu LJ, Ren SS, Yu WJ (1983) Genetic analysis of anther derived plants of rice: independant assortment of unlinked genes. Can J Genet Cytol 25:324–328

  9. Chen Y, Li LT (1978) Investigation and utilisation of pollen derived plants in rice and wheat. In: Proc Symp Plant Tissue Culture. Peking, China, pp 199–212

  10. Choo TM, Reinbergs E, Park SJ (1982) Comparison of frequency distributions of doubled haploid and single seed descent lines in barley. Theor Appl Genet 61:215–218

  11. Courvoisier C (1984) Polymorphisme des protéines de réserve du blé tendre Ph D Thesis, University of Paris VI, 135 pp

  12. De Buyser J, Henry Y, Taleb G (1985) Wheat androgenesis: cytogenetical analysis and agronomic performance of doubled haploids. Z Pflanzenzücht 95:23–34

  13. Foroughi-Wehr B, Friedt W (1984) Rapid production of recombinant barley yellow mosaic virus resistant Hordeum vulgare lines by anther culture. Theor Appl Genet 67:377–382

  14. Friedt W, Foroughi-Wehr B (1983) Field performance of androgenetic doubled haploid spring barley from F1 hybrids. Z Pflanzenzücht 90:177–184

  15. Friedt W, Lind U, Walther H, Foroughi-Wehr B, Zuchner S, Wenzel G (1983) The value of inbred lines derived from Secale cereale X S. vavilovii via classical inbreeding and androgenetic haploids. Z Pflanzenzücht 91:89–103

  16. Ho KM, Jones GE (1980) Mingo barley. Can J Plant Sci 60:279–280

  17. Johns WA (1974) A preliminary evaluation of haploidy as a breeding technique in barley (Hordeum vulgare L). Ph D Thesis, University of Guelph, Guelph Ontario

  18. Pearson EC, Hartley HO (1954) Biometrika tables for statisticians and biometricians, Vol I. Cambridge University Press, 264 pp

  19. Riggs TJ, Snape JW (1977) Effects of linkage and interaction in a comparison of theoretical populations derived by diploidized haploid and single seed descent. Theor Appl Genet 49:111–115

  20. Siegel S (1956) Non parametric statistics for the behavioural sciences. Mac Graw-Hill, New York

  21. Snape JW (1976) A theoretical comparison of diploidised haploid and single seed descent populations. Heredity 36:275–277

  22. Snape JW, Simpson E (1981) The genetical expectations of doubled haploid lines derived from different filial generations. Theor Appl Genet 60:123–128

  23. Snedecor GW, Cochran WG (1957) Statistical methods. The Iowa State University Press. Ames Iowa

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Communicated by G. Wenzel

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Charmet, G., Branlard, G. A comparison of androgenetic doubled-haploid, and single seed descent lines in Triticale. Theoret. Appl. Genetics 71, 193–200 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00252055

Download citation

Key words

  • X Triticosecale
  • Doubled haploids
  • Anther culture
  • Single seed descent
  • Gliadins