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A comparison of androgenetic doubled-haploid, and single seed descent lines in Triticale

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Sixty single seed descent (SSD) lines and about 25 anther-derived doubled-haploid (DH) lines were obtained from two triticale crosses. The frequency distributions of 10 quantitative agronomic traits were compared using parametric and non-parametric tests. A multivariate discriminant analysis was subsequently carried out. Gliadin patterns obtained from each line by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis were used to calculate intra- and inter-population diversities from relative dissimilarity indices. It was found that DH and SSD lines show significant differences in frequency distributions of 1000 grain weight in both crosses, of heading date for one cross, and of lodging susceptibility for the other cross. The results of intra- and inter-population gliadin diversity indicate that although the SSD method theoretically provides more opportunity for recombination to occur than the DH method, it did not produce a greater range of recombinants. Since there is no significant difference between SSD- and DH-line distributions for grain yield, anther culture appears to be an efficient method for producing high yielding homozygous lines from F1 hybrids of triticale in a relatively short time.

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Communicated by G. Wenzel

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Charmet, G., Branlard, G. A comparison of androgenetic doubled-haploid, and single seed descent lines in Triticale. Theoret. Appl. Genetics 71, 193–200 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00252055

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Key words

  • X Triticosecale
  • Doubled haploids
  • Anther culture
  • Single seed descent
  • Gliadins