Ligninase activity of Phanerochaete chrysosporium INA-12 was increased when vegetable oils emulsified with sorbitan polyoxyethylene monooleate (Tween 80) were added to growth medium. Maximal enzyme yield was 22.0 nkat·ml-1 in olive oil cultures after 4 days incubation. P. chrysosporium INA-12 was also able to utilize tall oil fatty acids for ligninase synthesis. An extracellular lipase activity was detected during the primary phase of growth in culture containing vegetable oils. On the other hand, ligninase production was 1.5-fold enhanced when olive oil cultures were supplemented with soybean asolectin as a phospholipid source. In cultures supplied with olive oil plus asolectin, P. chrysosporium INA-12 mycelium exhibited a preferential enrichment of oleic acid (C18:1), phosphatidylcholine (PC) and lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) as compared to lipid-free medium. PC and LPC enrichment was associated with an increased ratio of saturated versus unsaturated fatty acids of phospholipids.
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Asther, M., Lesage, L., Drapron, R. et al. Phospholipid and fatty acid enrichment of Phanerochaete chrysosporium INA-12 in relation to ligninase production. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 27, 393–398 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00251775
- Oleic Acid
- Phanerochaete Chrysosporium