Dopamine released from dendrites of nigrostriatal neurones in the substantia nigra exerts an inhibitory action on these cells. However, the spatio-temporal characteristics of the action of dendritic dopamine is still unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the responses of these neurones in the guinea-pig to amphetamine, applied locally in the region of the distal dendrites in pars reticulata. During intracellular recording in vitro it was found that amphetamine hyperpolarizes the membrane and causes a decrease in the input resistance, probably by increasing a potassium conductance. This response was resistant to blockade of sodium channels but sensitive to dopamine depletion by reserpine and alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine. The response showed tachyphylaxis and proved to be highly dependent on the site of administration of amphetamine. It is concluded that the release and action of dopamine occurs locally, in a heterogenous pattern, within the dendritic field of nigrostriatal neurones. The possibility is discussed that this phenomenon underlies a modulatory mechanism, localized in dendrites.
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Nedergaard, S., Hopkins, C. & Greenfield, S.A. Do nigro-striatal neurones possess a discrete dendritic modulatory mechanism? Electrophysiological evidence from the actions of amphetamine in brain slices. Exp Brain Res 69, 444–448 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00247591
- Nigro-striatal neurones
- Intracellular recording