Osmotically-regulated trehalose accumulation and cyclic β-(1,2)-glucan excretion by Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii TA-1
Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii TA-1 produced high molecular weight extracellular (EPS) and capsular polysaccharides (CPS) as the main carbohydrate products in a medium (10 g of mannitol and 1 g of glutamic acid per liter) with low osmotic pressure of 0.20 MPa. By increasing the osmotic pressure of the medium with the addition of NaCl or other osmolytes up to 1.44 MPa, the synthesis of EPS and CPS was suppressed. Cyclic β-(1,2)-glucans were excreted instead. Concentrations of over 1500 mg of glucans/l medium were produced by a biomass of 520 mg protein at 200 mM NaCl (1.20 MPa). Intracellular cyclic β-(1,2)-glucan concentrations remained at 45 to 100 mg/g protein during the stationary phase, independent of the osmotic strength of the medium. Parallel to the increasing osmotic pressure of the medium, the disaccharide trehalose accumulated in the cells as osmo-protectant. Concentrations of up to 130 mg/g protein were reached. Strain TA-1 could tolerate 350 mM NaCl.
Key wordsOsmotic pressure Osmoregulants Cyclic β-(1,2)-glucans Extracellular polysaccharides Capsular polysaccharides Trehalose Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii
low molecular weight
high molecular weight
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