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Antigenicity, storage, and aging: physiologic autoantibodies to cell membrane and serum proteins and the senescent cell antigen

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Summary

Normal human serum contains autoantibodies to a wide range of cellular and serum proteins. IgG autoantibodies to cell membrane proteins spectrin, syndein (Band 2.1), Band 3 degradation products, and the senescent cell antigen are among them. Physiologic autoantibodies to the senescent cell antigen, a ∼62 000 dalton glycopeptide derived from Band 3, initiate removal of senescent, damaged, and stored cells in vivo. The senescent cell antigen is one of the two Band 3 degradation products (Mr ∼ 66 000 and 62 000) observed in freshly prepared ghosts.

Since the senescent cell antigen is observed on red cells aged in situ, data suggest that Band 3 undergoes proteolysis in situ. IgG eluted from blood stored for transfusion binds to the senescent cell antigen. The amount of IgG on red cells increases during storage suggesting accumulation of the senescent cell antigen. Autoantibodies to other cell and serum proteins are discussed as possible regulators of homeostasis. The effect of age on physiologic autoantibodies is reviewed.

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Kay, M.M.B., Sorensen, K., Wong, P. et al. Antigenicity, storage, and aging: physiologic autoantibodies to cell membrane and serum proteins and the senescent cell antigen. Mol Cell Biochem 49, 65–85 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00242486

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Keywords

  • Cell Membrane
  • Membrane Protein
  • Human Serum
  • Degradation Product
  • Serum Protein