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Role of minor alloying elements on the performance of lead—acid battery grids Part I: Corrosion of Pb-Se alloys

Abstract

The corrosion behaviour of Pb-Se alloys (Se: 0.00, 0.01, 0.04 and 0.06%) to be used in the manufacture of grids for pasted lead-acid batteries, was studied under open circuit, potentiostatic and galvanostatic polarization in 5.01 m H2SO4 Solutions. Selenium was found to shift the corrosion potential to more negative values and increase the sulfation and self-discharge; the extent being dependent on the percentage of selenium. The potentiostatic E/log i curve was significantly influenced, especially the passivity region from −0.90 to +1.30V vs Hg/Hg2SO4 (1.0 m H4SO4, where the passivity current and the critical current and potential to start the nucleation of PbSO4 decreased in the presence of selenium. Both oxygen and hydrogen evolution overpotentials were found to be higher for the alloys containing selenium. In many aspects, the alloy composition Pb-0.04% Se was found to be critical. Factors affecting the constant current charging; the charging time, temperature and the number of charging-discharging cycles, N, were investigated. Generally, the corrodability of Pb-Se alloys was relatively higher and increasing N was found to increase corrosion in the order: Pb 0.04% Se > Pb-0.01% Se > Pb-0.06% Se > Pb. As the charging time increased, the rate of corrosion decreased for Pb-Se alloys while it was constant for Pb.

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Gad Allah, A.G., Abd El-Rahman, H.A. & Abd El-Galil, M. Role of minor alloying elements on the performance of lead—acid battery grids Part I: Corrosion of Pb-Se alloys. J Appl Electrochem 25, 682–689 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00241931

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Keywords

  • Selenium
  • Corrosion Behaviour
  • Sulfation
  • Hydrogen Evolution
  • Corrosion Potential