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Cortically and lingually induced postsynaptic potentials in trigeminal motoneurons after axotomy

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The membrane properties and the efficacy of excitatory and inhibitory synapses were studied in cat masseteric motoneurons (Mass Mns) after axotomy. In axotomized Mass Mns the slope of the primary range in the frequency-current relationship showed a higher gain than that of normal Mass Mns. The safety of antidromic invasion was increased and the initial segment component of antidromic action potentials could not be separated from the somadendritic component. In normal Mass Mns a single shock delivered to the orbital gyrus or the lingual nerve induced long-lasting inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs). In two-thirds of Mass Mns explored 30 days after axotomy, a single shock delivered to the orbital gyrus or the lingual nerve evoked a mixture of inhibitory and excitatory synaptic potentials. In Mass Mns 50 days after axotomy, we have demonstrated that the major fraction of the total sample of explored Mass Mns showed long-lasting excitatory postsynaptic potentials followed by IPSPs. The results suggest that in Mass Mns, axotomy is followed by the decline of synaptic efficacy of inhibitory rather than of excitatory synapses.

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Correspondence to M. Takata.

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Takata, M., Nagahama, T. Cortically and lingually induced postsynaptic potentials in trigeminal motoneurons after axotomy. Exp Brain Res 61, 272–279 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00239517

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Key words

  • Membrane property
  • Postsynaptic potentials
  • Axotomized trigeminal motoneuron
  • Cat