The cholinergic innervation of the thyroid gland has been studied in the human. AChE positive nerve fibers are localized in the wall of the thyroid artery, arranged in two plexuses, a superficial (adventitial) and a deep one (medial). The glandular tissue is provided with cholinergic nerve fibers, localized between and around thyroid follicles. The present results suggest that the endocrine activity of the thyroid gland is also under the control of the autonomic nervous system.
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Amenta, F., Caporuscio, D., Ferrante, F. et al. Cholinergic nerves in the thyroid gland. Cell Tissue Res. 195, 367–370 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00236733
- Thyroid artery