The differentiation of tanycytes was studied light and electron microscopically during the perinatal period in rats, the time when functional connections between hypothalamus and hypophysis are established. The 3rd ventricle is slit-like between 16 and 18 days of the prenatal period. Its wall is formed by intensively proliferating matrix cells with apical processes, ovoid perikarya and a basal process. The ventral region of the 3rd ventricle becomes funnel-shaped on the 20th day of the prenatal period. As the cells differentiate, the apical process becomes shorter and broader. Moreover, on day 20 of prenatal life cells without apical processes appear. Their number increases during the postnatal period. The concentration of endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, polysomes, lipid droplets, dense bodies (lysosomes), lamellated and multivesicular bodies increases. Initially the cells are similar but from the 3rd day of postnatal life differentiation occurs in different regions of the infundibular recess. After the 5th day, there are no marked changes in the structure and distribution of these cells.
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K. Chandrasekhar wishes to thank the Indian National Science Academy and USSR Academy of Sciences for the award of a fellowship during the tenure of which this work was completed
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Ugrumov, M.V., Chandrasekhar, K., Borisova, N.A. et al. Light and electron microscopical investigations on the tanycyte differentiation during the perinatal period in the rat. Cell Tissue Res. 201, 295–303 (1979). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00235065
- Hypothalamo-hypophysial system