Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Absence of changes in fiber type with aging in avian muscles


The anterior latissimus dorsi of the pigeon, a slow tonic muscle, and biventer cervicis, a mixed muscle, of two age groups (1–2 years old versus 6–8 years old) were compared with respect to percentages of fiber types and activities of adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) and succinic dehydrogenase (SDH), as estimated histochemically, to determine whether these became altered with old age. These parameters did not change between the young and old birds for either type of muscle.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Asiedu S, Shafiq SA (1972) Actomyosin ATPase activity of the anterior latissimus dorsi muscle of the chicken. Exp Neurol 35:211–213

  2. Caccia MR, Harris JB, Johnson MA (1979) Morphology and physiology of skeletal muscle in aging rodents. Muscle Nerve 2:202–212

  3. Ermini M (1976) Ageing changes in mammalian skeletal muscle. Biochemical studies. Gerontology 22:301–316

  4. Fujisawa K (1975) Some observations on the skeletal musculature of aged rats. II. Fine morphology of diseased muscle fibres. J Neurol Sci 24:447–469

  5. Guth L, Samaha FJ (1969) Qualitative differences between actomyosin ATPase of slow and fast mammalian muscle. Exp Neurol 25:138–152

  6. Gutmann E, Hanzlikova V (1972) Age changes in the neuromuscular system. Scientechnica Ltd, Bristol

  7. Gutmann E, Hanzlikova V (1976) Fast and slow motor units in ageing. Gerontology 22:280–300

  8. Hikida RS (1972) Morphological transformation of slow to fast muscle fibers after tenotomy. Exp Neurol 35:265–273

  9. Hikida RS (1976) Regeneration of a tonic avian muscle: transformation to a twitch morphology. Dev Biol 48:67–79

  10. Hikida RS (1981) Tenotomy of the avian anterior latissimus dorsi muscle. II. Can regeneration from the stump occur in the pigeon? Am J Anat (in press)

  11. Hikida RS, Wang RJ (1981) Tenotomy of the avian anterior latissimus dorsi muscle. I. Effect of age on fiber type transformation and regeneration from the stump in chicks. Am J Anat (in press)

  12. Larsson L (1978) Morphological and functional characteristics of the ageing skeletal muscle in man. A cross-sectional study. Acta Physiol Scand (Suppl) 457:1–36

  13. Lillie RD (1964) Histopathologic technic and practical histochemistry. 3rd Ed, McGraw Hill, New York

  14. Orlander J, Kiessling K-H, Larsson L, Karlsson J, Aniansson A (1978) Skeletal muscle metabolism and ultrastructure in relation to age in sedentary men. Acta Physiol Scand 104:249–261

  15. Syrovy I, Gutmann E (1977) Differentiation of myosin in soleus and extensor digitorum longus muscle in different animal species during development. Pfluegers Arch 369:85–89

  16. Tomonaga M (1977) Histochemical and ultrastructural changes in senile human muscle. J Am Geriatr Soc 25:125–131

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Robert S. Hikida.

Additional information

This investigation was supported in part by research grants PCM 77-15960 and PCM 79-16540 from the National Science Foundation

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hikida, R.S., Curtis, C.W. & Walro, J.M. Absence of changes in fiber type with aging in avian muscles. Cell Tissue Res. 217, 43–47 (1981).

Download citation

Key words

  • Avian muscle fiber types
  • Aging
  • ATPase