Three individual serine proteinases (I, II, III) originating from Antarctic krill (E. superba) were separated and highly purified using a combination of affinity and high resolution ion exchange chromatography. Each enzyme showed a single protein band (30 000 Daltons) in sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis indicating high purity and identical molecular weights. Moreover, each enzyme demonstrated one immunoprecipitate on crossed immunoelectrophoresis (two-dimensional agarose gel electrophoresis) using polyclonal rabbit antibodies which confirmed the high purity of the individual enzymes. A mixture of the three enzymes (I, II, III) revealed two immunoprecipitates, not one or three which should have been the case for identical or non-identical immunological properties. Double immunodiffusion test according to Ouchterlony exhibited immunological identity between enzyme II and III. Enzyme I showed only partial identity with II/III. These findings correlated well with biochemical data on the three serine proteinases. Enzyme I is able to liberate free amino acids from polypeptides in comparison with enzyme II and III (classical true endopeptidases), which do not. We suggest that these unique biochemical properties also have their immunological counterpart expressed as other antigenic determinants of the molecular structure.
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Bucht, A., Karlstam, B. Isolation and immunological characterization of three highly purified serine proteinases from Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba). Polar Biol 11, 495–500 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00233085
- Serine Proteinase
- Free Amino Acid
- Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate
- Antarctic Krill