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Regulation of organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis by auxin in melon, Cucumis melo L.

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Abstract

Various tissues of seeds and seedlings of melon were cultured in vitro to study the effects of auxin concentration on organogenesis and embryogenesis. Adventitious shoots and somatic embryos were formed from explants of cotyledons of mature seeds, hypocotyls of seedlings, and leaves and petioles of young plantlets. Expanded cotyledons of seedlings formed only adventitious shoots. All tissues responded similarly to the 2,4-D concentration in the media, that is, adventitious shoots were formed at low concentration, callus proliferated without differentiation at intermediate concentration and somatic embryos were induced at high concentration. Cotyledons of mature seeds formed both adventitious shoots and somatic embryos more efficiently than any other tissues cultured.

Effects of three auxins, 2,4-D, NAA and IAA, on organogenesis and embryogenesis were compared using cotyledons of mature seeds. Adventitious shoots were formed at low level of auxins (0 to 0.01 mg/l 2,4-D; 0 to 0.1 mg/l NAA; 0 to 1.0 mg/l IAA), and embryos were formed at high level of auxins (1.0 to 2.0 mg/l 2,4-D; 3.0 to 10.0 mg/l NAA; 20.0 to 100.0 mg/l IAA). IAA gave more efficient shoot formation and embryogenesis than the other auxins.

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Abbreviations

2,4-D:

2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid

NAA:

α-naphthaleneacetic acid

IAA:

3indoleacetic acid

BA:

6-benzylaminopurine

MS:

Murashige and Skoog

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Communicated by E. D. Earle

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Tabei, Y., Kanno, T. & Nishio, T. Regulation of organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis by auxin in melon, Cucumis melo L.. Plant Cell Reports 10, 225–229 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00232563

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Keywords

  • Somatic Embryo
  • Somatic Embryogenesis
  • Melon
  • Mature Seed
  • Adventitious Shoot