We report ultrasonographic and CT findings in a patient with endometriosis of the bladder wall after cesarean section. Endometriosis is defined as ectopic endometrial tissue which responds to the endocrine changes of the menstrual cycle . The incidence of the condition may be as high as 20% of all menstruating women . The most common locations of endometriosis are in the true pelvis, particularly the fallopian tubes and the ovaries. The sacrouterine ligaments and Douglas' cul-de-sac are also frequently affected. Rarer sites of endometriotic implants include the gastrointestinal tract, urogenital organs, and extraabdominal sites. The diagnosis is suggested by the results of modern imaging techniques and the usually typical clinical findings and is confirmed by histopathology of a surgical specimen. The literature contains few reports on ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with endometriosis [3, 4].
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Wilson JR, Beecham CT, Carrington ER (1975) Endometriosis. In: Obstetrics and gynecology 5th ed. St. Louis: Mosby 110–118
Merrill JA (1986) Endometriosis. In: Danfath DN Obstetrics and gynecology 5th ed. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 995–1007
Kerr W (1966) Endometriosis involving the urinary tract. Clin Obstet Gynecol 9: 331
Roberts JL, Farah M (1992) Ultrasound of endometriosis and adenomyomatosis. In: Shirkhoda A, Madrazo B, eds Pelvic ultrasound, Baltimore; Williams & Wilkins
Meyers WC, Kelvin FM, Jones RS (1979) Diagnosis and surgical treatment of colonic endometriosis. Arch Surg 114: 169–175
Ranney B (1975) The prevention, inhibition, palliation and treatment of endometriosis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 123: 778–789
Steck CW, Helwig EB (1966) Cutaneous endometriosis. Clin Obstet Gynecol 9: 373–383
Coleman BG, Arger PH, Mulern CB Jr (1979) Endometriosis: clinical and ultrasonic correlation. AJR 132: 747–749
Bidwall JK, Dunne MG (1987) Computed tomography of bladder malakoplakia. J Comput Assist Tomogr 11 (5): 909–910
Rubin E, Farber JF (1988) Endometriosis. In: Pathology, 1st ed. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott 987–989
Correspondence to: K. W. Preidler
About this article
Cite this article
Preidler, K.W., Steiner, H., Sternthal, H.M. et al. CT and ultrasonographic findings in a patient with endometriosis of the bladder after cesarean section. Eur. Radiol. 4, 182–183 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00231209
- Computed tomography
- Cesarean section