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Immunocytochemical localization of the allergenic proteins in the pollen of Cryptomeria japonica

Abstract

Applying an immunocytochemical method, a localization of the protein Cry j I in the Cryptomeria japonica pollen, which is the major allergen responsible for Japanese cedar pollinosis, is investigated with the monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies produced from the protein. The protein that reacts to the polyclonal antibody localizes on the sexine, nexine, between nexine and intine layers, orbicles, cell wall of a generative cell, Golgi body and Golgi vesicles. The allergenic protein contained in the exine and orbicles of Japanese cedar pollen can diffuse or dissolve easily from there into the mucus covering of the eye and nose, causing a response in less than 1 min after exposure. Since the orbicles have a diameter of about 430 nm, they can pass easily through the pores of most protective masks to reach the sensitive tissues of the patient. The proteins react to the monoclonal antibodies (J1BO1 and J1BO7) and localize on the Golgi body, sexine, nexine and orbicles (but not between the nexine and intine layers), and on the generative cell wall. In the young pollen grain, numerous allergenic protein particles contained in the orbicles and sexine layer, but there is only a small amount of the protein between the nexine and intine layers, since the intine layer is not yet complete at this stage. More will be accumulated there during developmental maturation. The allergenic protein is also found on the tapetal materials remaining in the young anther. Since the materials forming the exine layer and orbicles come from tapetal tissue, it is assumed that some of the allergenic protein is produced in the tapetum and localized in the orbicles and pollen wall during maturation, and that the rest of the allergenic protein is produced in the Golgi body in the mature pollen grain.

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Miki-Hirosige, H., Nakamura, S., Yasueda, H. et al. Immunocytochemical localization of the allergenic proteins in the pollen of Cryptomeria japonica . Sexual Plant Reprod 7, 95–100 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00230577

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Key words

  • Allergic symptoms
  • Allergic Protein
  • Cryptomeria japonica
  • Cry j I
  • Immunocytochemystry