The monofunctional thiol reagents N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) and methyl methanethiosulfonate (MMTS) stimulate ouabain resistant (OR) electroneutral K:Cl cotransport in LK sheep red blood cells at low, but not at high concentrations. Diamide (DM), on the other hand, only stimulates OR K:Cl flux (Lauf, P.K., J. Memb. Biol. 101: 179–188, 1988). The DM stimulated K:Cl cotransport was decreased toward the control value prior to DM stimulation when NEM or MMTS were added, subsequently. The inhibitory effect was dependent on the compound's concentration and exposure time and, in the case of MMTS, was reversed upon addition of dithiothreitol (DTT). The inhibition was more prominent when NEM treatment was performed at pH 8.0 and disappeared at pH 6.0. In contrast the NEM stimulatory effect was most effective when the pH of NEM treatment was 6.0 (Bauer, J. & Lauf, P.K., J. Memb. Biol. 73: 257–261, 1983). The results suggest the existence of additional, however, inhibitory thiol groups in the already thiol-activated K:Cl cotransporter, with a different pKa value and a lower affinity for NEM or MMTS as compared to the stimulatory thiol groups. Like the activating thiols, the inhibitory sulfhydryls appeared to be inaccessible to non-penetrating thiol reagents and hence, must be located deeper within the red cell membrane.
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Ryu, K., Lauf, P.K. Evidence for inhibitory SH groups in the thiol activated K:Cl cotransporter of low K sheep red blood cells. Mol Cell Biochem 99, 135–140 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00230343
- K:Cl cotransport
- chemical activation
- thiol groups
- mono-bifunctional SH reagents
- sheep erythrocytes