Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Visual motion perception from stimulation of the human medial parieto-occipital cortex

  • 69 Accesses

  • 22 Citations

Summary

Visual phenomena evoked by direct electrical stimulation of extrastriate cortex were observed in 30 epileptic patients as part of a presurgical investigation. An incremental sequence of low-level bipolar stimulation trains was delivered at medial and lateral pairs of contacts of stereotaxically-implanted multilead intracerebral electrodes in parietal, occipital and posterior temporal regions. Diffusion of stimulus afterdischarges was monitored by electrodes in temporal and frontal lobes and by the non-stimulated contacts of the stimulated electrode. Localized stimulations evoked few visual phenomena. The strongest anatomo-perceptual correlation was found for stimulation in the medial parieto-occipital fissure which evoked visual motion phenomena in all three patients stimulated in that region. The evoked motion perceptions were not associated with eye movements or any particular localization of the epileptic focus. These perceptions were only evoked once outside of the medial PO region at the 61 sites examined. The results suggest that the medial parieto-occipital region is closely linked to the human visual motion processing system.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Allman J, Kaas J (1976) Representation of the visual field on the medial wall of the occipital-parietal cortex in the owl monkey. Science 191:572–575

  2. Bancaud J, Talairach J, Geier S, Bonis A, Trottier S, Manrique M (1976) Manifestations comportementales induites par la stimulation électrique du gyrus cingulaire antérieur chez l'homme. Rev Neurol 132:705–724

  3. Baker J, Petersen S, Newsome W, Allman J (1981) Visual response properties of neurons in four extrastriate visual areas of the owl monkey. J Neurophysiol 45:397–416

  4. Bernier G, Richer F, Giard N, Bouvier G, Mercier M, Turmel A, St-Hilaire JM (1990) Electrical stimulation of the human brain in epilepsy. Epilepsia 31:513–520

  5. Bouvier G, Saint-Hilaire JM, Giard N, Lesage J, Cloutier L, Béique R (1987) Depth electrode implantation at Hopital Notre-Dame. In: Engel J (eds) Surgical treatment of the epilepsies. Raven Press, New York, pp 589–593

  6. Colby CL, Gattass R, Olson CR, Gross CG (1988) Topographical organization of cortical afferents to extrastriate visual area PO in the macaque: a dual tracer study. J Comp Neurol 269:392–413

  7. Corbetta M, Miezin FM, Dobmeyer S, Shulman GL, Petersen S (1990) Attentional modulation of neural processing of shape, color and velocity in humans. Science 248:1556–1559

  8. Damasio AR, Damasio H, Van Hoesen W (1982) Prosopagnosia: Anatomical basis and behavioral mechanisms. Neurology 29:170–178

  9. Dubner R, Zeki SN (1971) Response properties and receptive fields of cells in an anatomically defined region of the superior temporal sulcus. Brain Res 35:528–532

  10. Graham J, Wall J, Kaas JH (1979) Cortical projections of the medial visual area in the owl monkey, Aotus Trivirgatus. Neurosci Lett 15:109–114

  11. Lesser RP, Luders H, Klein G, Dinner DS, Morris HH, Hahn JF, Wyllie E (1987) Extraoperative cortical functional localization in patients with epilepsy. J Clin Neurophysiol 4:27–53

  12. Maunsell JHR, Newsome WT (1987) Visual processing in monkey extrastriate cortex. Ann Rev Neurosci 10:363–401

  13. Maunsell JHR, Van Essen DC (1983) Functional properties of neurons in the middle temporal visual area (MT) of the macaque monkey. I. Selectivity for stimulus direction, speed, and orientation. J Neurophysiol 49:1127–1147

  14. Meadows JC (1974) Disturbed perception of colours associated with localized cerebral lesions. Brain 97:615–632

  15. Newsome WT, Wurtz RH, Dursteler MR, Mikami A (1985) Deficits in visual motion perception following ibotenic acid lesions of the middle temporal visual area of the macaque monkey. J Neurosci 5:825–840

  16. Ojemann GA (1983) Brain organization for language from the perspective of electrical stimulation mapping. Behav Brain Sci 2:189–230

  17. Penfield W, Rasmussen T (1950) The cerebral cortex of man. MacMillan, New York

  18. Ratcliff G, Davies-Jones GAB (1972) Defective visual localization in focal brain wounds. Brain 95:49–60

  19. Riddoch G (1917) Dissociation of visual perceptions due to occipital injuries, with special reference to appreciation of movement. Brain 40:15–57

  20. Saint-Hilaire JM (1987) Presurgical evaluation protocols: Hópital Notre-Dame. In: Engel J (eds) Surgical treatment of the epilepsies. Raven Press, New York, pp 675–676

  21. Salzman CD, Britten KH, Newsome WT (1990) Cortical microstimulation influences perceptual judgements of motion direction. Nature 346:174–177

  22. Talairach J, Szikla G (1967) Atlas stéréotaxique du télencéphale. Masson, Paris

  23. Ungerleider LG, Desimone R (1986) Cortical connections of visual area MT in the macaque. J Comp Neurol 248:190–222

  24. Zihl J, von Cramon D, Mai N (1983) Selective disturbance of movement vision after bilateral brain damage. Brain 106:313–340

  25. Vaina LM (1989) Selective impairment of visual motion interpretation following lesions of the right occipito-parietal area in humans. Biol Cybern 61:347–359

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to F. Richer.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Richer, F., Martinez, M., Cohen, H. et al. Visual motion perception from stimulation of the human medial parieto-occipital cortex. Exp Brain Res 87, 649–652 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00227090

Download citation

Key words

  • Human visual cortex
  • Extrastriate visual areas
  • Brain stimulation
  • Motion perception