The discrimination between the isotopes of hydrogen in the reaction catalyzed by yeast phosphoglucoisomerase is examined by NMR, as well as by spectrofluorometric or radioisotopic methods. The monodirectional conversion of D-glucose 6-phosphate to D-fructose 6-phosphate displays a lower maximal velocity with D-[2-2H]glucose 6-phosphate than unlabelled D-glucose 6-phosphate, with little difference in the affinity of the enzyme for these two substrates. About 72% of the deuterium located on the C2 of D-[1-13C,2-2H]glucose 6-phosphate is transferred intramolecularly to the C1 of D-[1-13C,1-2H]fructose 6-phosphate. The velocity of the monodirectional conversion of D-[U-14C]glucose 6-phosphate (or D-[2-3H]glucose 6-phosphate) to D-fructose 6-phosphate is virtually identical in H2O and D2O, respectively, but is four times lower with the tritiated than 14C-labelled ester. In the monodirectional reaction, the intramolecular transfer from the C2 of D-[2-3H]glucose 6-phosphate is higher in the presence of D2O than H2O. Whereas prolonged exposure of D-[1-13C]glucose 6-phosphate to D2O, in the presence of phosphoglucoisomerase, leads to the formation of both D-[1-13C,2-2H]glucose 6-phosphate and D-[1-13C,1-2H]fructose 6-phosphate, no sizeable incorporation of deuterium from D2O on the C1 of D-[1-13C]fructose 1,6-bisphosphate is observed when the monodirectional conversion of D-[1-13C]glucose 6-phosphate occurs in the concomitant presence of phosphoglucoisomerase and phosphofructokinase. The latter finding contrasts with the incorporation of hydrogen from 1H2O or tritium from 3H2O in the monodirectional conversion of D-[2-3H]glucose 6-phosphate and unlabelled D-glucose 6-phosphate, respectively, to their corresponding ketohexose esters.
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Malaisse, W.J., Malaisse-Lagae, F., Liemans, V. et al. Phosphoglucoisomerase-catalyzed interconversion of hexose phosphates: isotopic discrimination between hydrogen and deuterium. Mol Cell Biochem 93, 153–165 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00226187
- isotopic discrimination