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Phosphoglucoisomerase-catalyzed interconversion of hexose phosphates: isotopic discrimination between hydrogen and deuterium

Summary

The discrimination between the isotopes of hydrogen in the reaction catalyzed by yeast phosphoglucoisomerase is examined by NMR, as well as by spectrofluorometric or radioisotopic methods. The monodirectional conversion of D-glucose 6-phosphate to D-fructose 6-phosphate displays a lower maximal velocity with D-[2-2H]glucose 6-phosphate than unlabelled D-glucose 6-phosphate, with little difference in the affinity of the enzyme for these two substrates. About 72% of the deuterium located on the C2 of D-[1-13C,2-2H]glucose 6-phosphate is transferred intramolecularly to the C1 of D-[1-13C,1-2H]fructose 6-phosphate. The velocity of the monodirectional conversion of D-[U-14C]glucose 6-phosphate (or D-[2-3H]glucose 6-phosphate) to D-fructose 6-phosphate is virtually identical in H2O and D2O, respectively, but is four times lower with the tritiated than 14C-labelled ester. In the monodirectional reaction, the intramolecular transfer from the C2 of D-[2-3H]glucose 6-phosphate is higher in the presence of D2O than H2O. Whereas prolonged exposure of D-[1-13C]glucose 6-phosphate to D2O, in the presence of phosphoglucoisomerase, leads to the formation of both D-[1-13C,2-2H]glucose 6-phosphate and D-[1-13C,1-2H]fructose 6-phosphate, no sizeable incorporation of deuterium from D2O on the C1 of D-[1-13C]fructose 1,6-bisphosphate is observed when the monodirectional conversion of D-[1-13C]glucose 6-phosphate occurs in the concomitant presence of phosphoglucoisomerase and phosphofructokinase. The latter finding contrasts with the incorporation of hydrogen from 1H2O or tritium from 3H2O in the monodirectional conversion of D-[2-3H]glucose 6-phosphate and unlabelled D-glucose 6-phosphate, respectively, to their corresponding ketohexose esters.

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Correspondence to Willy J. Malaisse.

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Malaisse, W.J., Malaisse-Lagae, F., Liemans, V. et al. Phosphoglucoisomerase-catalyzed interconversion of hexose phosphates: isotopic discrimination between hydrogen and deuterium. Mol Cell Biochem 93, 153–165 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00226187

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Key words

  • phosphoglucoisomerase
  • isotopic discrimination