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DNA fingerprint variability within and among parental lines and its correlation with performance of F1 laying hens


Genetic diversity within and among nine pure lines of Beijing White Leghorn chickens was determined by DNA fingerprinting using human ministatellite probes 33.6 and α-globin 3′HVR, as well as bacteriophage M13. Within lines similarity coefficients ranged from 0.497 to 0.628, significantly higher than that within a sample of white chicken from a local market. Relationships among lines were established by clustering analysis based on inter-line coefficients of difference calculated from DNA fingerprints of pooled DNA. A complete diallel crossing among the nine pure lines was conducted. By using linear correlation analysis, it was found that the maximum distance between parental lines was positively correlated with egg number, egg production, survival rate and their corresponding heterosis percentages within a pair of reciprocal crosses. Similar relationships were found where only the higher of the reciprocal crosses were used in the analysis. It was also shown that similarity coefficients within a sire line or dam line were positively correlated with 40-week egg number and its heterosis percentage and the heterosis percentage for 40-week egg production, but negatively correlated with the 40-week survival rate of the cross-bred populations.

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Communicated by E. J. Eisen

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Meng, A., Gong, G., Chen, D. et al. DNA fingerprint variability within and among parental lines and its correlation with performance of F1 laying hens. Theoret. Appl. Genetics 92, 769–776 (1996).

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Key words

  • Chicken
  • DNA fingerprinting
  • Correlation
  • Crosses
  • Production traits