Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

DNA fingerprint variability within and among parental lines and its correlation with performance of F1 laying hens

Abstract

Genetic diversity within and among nine pure lines of Beijing White Leghorn chickens was determined by DNA fingerprinting using human ministatellite probes 33.6 and α-globin 3′HVR, as well as bacteriophage M13. Within lines similarity coefficients ranged from 0.497 to 0.628, significantly higher than that within a sample of white chicken from a local market. Relationships among lines were established by clustering analysis based on inter-line coefficients of difference calculated from DNA fingerprints of pooled DNA. A complete diallel crossing among the nine pure lines was conducted. By using linear correlation analysis, it was found that the maximum distance between parental lines was positively correlated with egg number, egg production, survival rate and their corresponding heterosis percentages within a pair of reciprocal crosses. Similar relationships were found where only the higher of the reciprocal crosses were used in the analysis. It was also shown that similarity coefficients within a sire line or dam line were positively correlated with 40-week egg number and its heterosis percentage and the heterosis percentage for 40-week egg production, but negatively correlated with the 40-week survival rate of the cross-bred populations.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bruford MW, Burke T (1994) Minisatellite DNA markers in the chicken genome. I Distribution and abundance of minisatellites in chicken multilocus DNA fingerprints. Anim Genet 25:359–367

  2. Castagnone-Sereno P, Piotte C, Uijthof J, Arad P, Wajnberg E, Vanlerberghe-Masutti F, Bongiovanni M, Dalmasso A (1993) Phylogenetic relationships between amphimictic and parthenogenetic nematodes of the genus Meloidogyne as inferred from repetitive DNA analysis. Heredity 70:195–204

  3. Chen GC (1986) Study on the blood group of chicken (review). Chinese Agric Sci 19:81–88

  4. Duncan DB (1955) Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics 11:1–42

  5. Dunnington EA, Gal O, Plotsky Y, Haberfeld A, Kirk T, Goldberg A, Lavi U, Cahaner A, Siegel PB, Hillel J (1990) DNA fingerprints of chickens selected for high and low body weight for 31 generations. Anim Genet 21:247–257

  6. Dunnington EA, Gal O, Siegel PB, Haberfeld A, Cahaner A, Lavi U, Plotsky Y, Hillel J (1991) Deoxyribonucleic acid fingerprint comparisons between selected populations of chickens. Poultry Sci 70:463–467

  7. Dunnington EA, Stallard LC, Siegel PB (1993) Evaluating linkage between DNA fingerprint bands and quantitative traits in chickens: interaction. Poultry Sci 72:1000–1004

  8. Dunnington EA, Stallard LC, Hillel J, Siegel PB (1994) Genetic diversity among commercial chicken populations estimated from DNA fingerprints. Poultry Sci 73:1218–1225

  9. Fairfull RW, Gowe RS, Nagai JAB (1987) Dominance and epistasis in heterosis of White Leghorn strain crosses. Can J Anim Sci 67:663–680

  10. Fowler SJ, Gill P, Werrett DJ, Higgs DR (1988) Individual specific DNA fingerprints from a hypervariable probe: alpha-globin 3′ HVR. Hum Genet 79:142–146

  11. Georges M, Lathrop M, Hubert P, Marcotte A, Schwers A, Swillens S, Vassart G, Hanset R (1990) On the use of DNA fingerprints for linkage studies in cattle. Genomics 6:461–474

  12. Gilbert DA, Lehman N, O'Brien SJ, Wayne RK (1990) Genetic fingerprinting reflects population differentiation in the California Channel Island fox. Nature 344:764–767

  13. Grunder AA, Sabour MP, Gavora JS (1994) Estimates of relatedness and inbreeding in goose strains from DNA fingerprints. Anim Genet 25:81–88

  14. Haberfeld A, Dunnington EA, Siegel PB (1992) Genetic distances estimated from DNA fingerprints in crosses of White Plymouth Rock chickens. Anim Genet 23:167–173

  15. Jeffreys AJ, Wilson V, Theim SL (1985) Hypervariable ‘minisatellite’ regions in human DNA. Nature 314:67–73

  16. Jeffreys AJ, Turner M, Debenham P (1991) The efficiency of multilocus DNA fingerprint probes for individualization and establishment of family relationships, determined from extensive casework. Am J Hum Genet 48:824–840

  17. Johnson SC (1967) Hierarchical clustering schemes. Pyschometrika 32:241–254

  18. Kovalenko VP, Bondarenko JV (1979) An immunogenetic method of line selection for obtaining fowl hybrids exhibiting heterosis. Anim Breed Abstr 47:9

  19. Kuhnlein U, Dawe Y, Zadworny D, Gavora JS (1989) DNA fingerprinting: a tool for determining genetic distances between strains of poultry. Theor Appl Genet 77:669–672

  20. Kuhnlein U, Zadworny D, Dawe Y, Fairfull RW, Gavora JS (1990) Assessment of inbreeding by DNA fingerprinting: development of a calibration curve using defined strains of chickens. Genetics 125:161–165

  21. Meng A, Qi S, Gong G (1993) DNA fingerprints generated with four different probes. Prog Biochem Biophys 20:138–142

  22. Montgomery DC, Peck EA (1982) Introduction to linear regression analysis. John Wiley and Sons Inc, New York

  23. Plotsky Y, Cahaner A, Haberfeld A, Lavi U, Lamont SJ, Hillel J (1993) DNA fingerprint bands applied to linkage analysis with quantitative trait loci in chickens. Anim Genet 24:105–110

  24. Qiu X, Yang S (1985) Poultry science, Sichuan Science and Technology Press, Chengdu

  25. Siegel PB, Haberfeld A, Mukherjee TK, Stallard LC, Marks HL, Anthony NB, Dunnington EA (1992) Jungle fowl-domestic fowl relationships: a use of DNA fingerprinting. World's Poultry Sci J 48:147–155

  26. Vassart G, Georges M, Monsieur R, Brocas H, Lequarre AS, Christophe D (1987) A sequence of M13 phage detects hypervariable ministellities in human and animal DNA. Science 235:683–684

  27. Wetton JH, Carter RE, Parkin DT, Walters D (1987) Demographic study of a wild house sparrow population by DNA fingerprinting. Nature 327:147–149

  28. Zhang H (1985) Report on the establishment of lines I and II of Beijing White Leghorn Chickens. In: Beijing Animal Husbandry Bureau (ed) Collection of Papers and Reports on Beijing White Leghorn Lines and Crosses. Beijing Science and Technology Press, Beijing, pp37–50

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Communicated by E. J. Eisen

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Meng, A., Gong, G., Chen, D. et al. DNA fingerprint variability within and among parental lines and its correlation with performance of F1 laying hens. Theoret. Appl. Genetics 92, 769–776 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00226100

Download citation

Key words

  • Chicken
  • DNA fingerprinting
  • Correlation
  • Crosses
  • Production traits