Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

The inheritance of host plant resistance and its effect on the relative infection efficiency of Magnaporthe grisea in rice cultivars

Abstract

The inheritance of host plant resistance and its effect on the relative infection efficiency for leaf blast was studied in the crosses ‘IR36’/‘CO39’ (partially resistant × highly susceptible) and ‘IR36’/‘IR64’ (both partially resistant). On the natural scale, gene action appeared multiplicative. After log transformation, additive effects described most of the genetic variation in the cross ‘IR36’/‘CO39’, while additive and dominance effects were about equal in magnitude in the cross ‘IR36’/‘IR64’. Dominance was towards increased resistance. No transgressive segregation occurred in the cross ‘IR36’/‘CO39’. The number of genes that reduce lesion number was estimated to be zero in ‘CO39’ and five or more in ‘IR36’. The cross ‘IR36’/‘IR64’ showed transgressive segregation in both directions, and ‘IR36’ and ‘IR64’ each contain at least one gene that is not present in the other cultivar. The heritabilities (narrow sense) in the F2 were low (range 0.06–0.16), while narrow sense heritabilities based on F3 lines were much higher (range 0.41–0.68). Lesion numbers in F3 lines were reasonably correlated with those in F5 progenies derived from the same F2 plant (r was±0.6 in both crosses). Partial resistance can be effectively improved by selecting the most resistant plants from the most resistant F3 lines.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Ahn SW, Mukelar A (1986) Rice blast management under upland conditions. In: Shideler FJ (ed), Progress in upland rice research, Proc 1985 Jakarta Conf. IRRI, Manila, The Philippines, pp 363–374

  2. Bonman JM, Mackill DJ (1988) Durable resistance to rice blast disease. Oryza 25:103–110

  3. Bonman JM, Estrada BA, Bandong JM (1989) Leaf and neck blast resistance in tropical lowland rice cultivars. Plant Dis 73:388–390

  4. Ezuka A (1972) Field resistance of rice varieties to blast disease. Rev Plant Prot Res 5:1–21

  5. Higashi T, Kushibuchi K (1978) Genetic analysis of field resistance to leaf blast (Pyricularia oryzae) in rice. Jpn J Breed 28:277–286

  6. Higashi T, Saito S (1985) Linkage groups of field resistance genes of upland rice variety ‘Senshou’ to leaf blast caused by Pyricularia oryzae Cav. Jpn J Breed 35:438–448

  7. Jinks JL, Towey P (1976) Estimating the number of genes in a polygenic system by genotype assay. Heredity 37:69–81

  8. Johnson R (1984) A critical analysis of durable resistance. Annu Rev Phytopathol 22:309–330

  9. Lin SC (1986) Genetic analysis of minor gene resistance to blast right parenthesis in Japonica rice. In: Rice genetics. (Proc Int Rice Genet Symp). Island Publishing House, Manila, The Philippines, pp. 451–469

  10. Mackill DJ, Bonman JM, Tenorio PD, Vergel de Dios TI (1988) Nearisogenic Indica rice lines with blast resistance genes. Rice Genet Newsl 5:98–101

  11. Mather K, Jinks JL (1982) Biometrical genetics, the study of continuous variation, 3rd edn. Chapman and Hall, New York London. 396 pp

  12. Mulitze DK, Baker RJ (1985a) Evaluation of biometrical methods for estimating the number of genes. 1. Effect of sample size. Theor Appl Genet 69:553–558

  13. Mulitze DK, Baker RJ (1985b) Evaluation of biometrical methods for estimating the number of genes. 2. Effect of type I and type II statistical errors. Theor Appl Genet 69:559–566

  14. Notteghem JL (1985) Définition d'une stratégie d'utilisation de la résistance par analyse génétique des relations hôte-parasite. Cas du couple riz-Pyricularia oryzae. Agron. Trop. 40:129–147

  15. Notteghem JL, Chatel M, Dechanet R (1981) Analyse diallele de deux caracteristiques de la résistance du riz à Pyricularia oryzae. In: Symposium sur la résistance du riz à la pyriculariose. IRAT-GERDAT, Montpellier, France, pp 313–330

  16. Ou SH (1985) Rice diseases. 2nd edn. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Surrey, England

  17. Parlevliet JE, van Ommeren A (1975) Partial resistance of barley to barley leaf rust, Puccinia hordei. II. Relationship between field trials, microplot tests and latent period. Euphytica 24:293–303

  18. Roumen EC (1992a) Effect of leaf age on components of partial resistance to leaf blast in rice. Euphytica 63:271–279

  19. Roumen EC (1992b) Small differential interactions for partial resistance in rice cultivars to virulent isolates of the blast pathogen. Euphytica 64:143–148

  20. Sah DN, Bonman JM (1992) Effects of seedbed management on blast development in susceptible and partially resistant rice cultivars. J Phytopathol 136:73–81

  21. Towey P, Jinks JL (1977) Alternative ways of estimating the number of genes in a polygenic system by genotype assay. Heredity 39:389–410

  22. Wang GL, Mackill DJ, Bonman JM, McCouch SR, Champoux MC, Nelson RJ (1994) RFLP mapping of genes conferring complete and partial resistance to blast in a durably resistant rice cultivar. Genetics 136:1421–1434

  23. Wang Z, Mackill DJ, Bonman JM (1989) Inheritance of partial resistance to blast in Indica rice cultivars. Crop Sci 29:848–853

  24. Yeh WH, Bonman JM (1986) Assessment of partial resistance to Pyricularia oryzae in six rice cultivars. Plant Pathol 35:319–323

  25. Yunoki T, Ezuka A, Sakurai Y, Shinoda H, Toriyama K (1970) Studies on the varietal resistance to rice blast. 3. Testing methods for field resistance on young seedlings grown in greenhouse. Bull Chugoku Agric Exp Stn Jpn, Ser E 6:1–21

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to E. C. Roumen.

Additional information

Communicated by G. S. Khush

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Roumen, E.C. The inheritance of host plant resistance and its effect on the relative infection efficiency of Magnaporthe grisea in rice cultivars. Theoret. Appl. Genetics 89, 498–503 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00225386

Download citation

Key words

  • Partial resistance
  • Oryza sativa Magnaporthe grisea
  • Blast
  • Inheritance