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Genetic distance and heterosis in Indian mustard: developmental isozymes as indicators of genetic relationships

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The use of isozymes as indicators of genetic diversity and as markers for the selection of agronomic traits has been proposed in different crop species. The present investigation was conducted to study the use of isozyme-derived genetic distance between parents in predicting the F1 heterosis in Indian mustard. In addition, the interaction of isozyme-based diversity with quantitative trait and pedigree-based diversity measures, and its role in predicting hybrid heterosis has also been examined. Sixteen Indian mustard lines and their 48 crosses (12 × 4, line x tester crossing) were evaluated over two environments for isozyme and quantitative morphological characters. The results from this study suggest that the heterotic response to isozymic changes is more responsive in crosses derived from morphologically and pedigree-wise related parents in comparison to crosses derived from unrelated parents. It was possible to improve heterosis predictions by partitioning the isozyme-based genetic distance into general genetic distance and specific genetic distance and correlating the latter with the specific combining ability of morphological traits. The possible reasons for these observations are discussed.

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Communicated by J. Mac Key

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Sekhon, M.S., Gupta, V.P. Genetic distance and heterosis in Indian mustard: developmental isozymes as indicators of genetic relationships. Theoret. Appl. Genetics 91, 1148–1152 (1995).

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Key words

  • Isozyme diversity
  • Heterosis
  • Phenotypic distance
  • Pedigree backgrounds
  • Brassica juncea. L