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Yeast RNA partition accompanying adsorption in salt/PEG two-phase system

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Summary

Partitioning of yeast total RNA in a salt/PEG two-phase system, i.e., a potassium phosphate/PEG system and a ammonium sulfate/PEG system, was characterized with regard to the dependence on the molecular weights of PEG and RNA. The shift in RNA partitioning was investigated for a PEG molecular weight range from 300 to 20000. RNA was partitioned mainly to the top phase in the system with PEG of a molecular weight up to 1000, mainly at the interface or almost equally to both phases in the system with PEG of a molecular weight 1000–2000, and mainly to the bottom phase in the system with PEG of more than 2000 in a molecular weight . The effect of PEG molecular weight on partitioning of low molecular weight RNA, less than 5.8S molecule, was qualitatively similar to that of high molecular weight RNA, more than 17S molecule. However, partitioning of high molecular weight RNA was more one-sided than that of low molecular weight RNA. In the system with PEG1000–2000, remarkable adsorption of high molecular weight RNA at the interface was investigated; more than 90% of the high molecular weight RNA added was concentrated. Adsorption of RNA at the interface was quantitatively demonstrated as a novel example of adsorption of a soluble macromolecule in an aqueous two-phase system.

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Kimura, K., Kobayashi, H. Yeast RNA partition accompanying adsorption in salt/PEG two-phase system. Biotechnol Tech 8, 473–478 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00222838

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Keywords

  • Ammonium
  • Molecular Weight
  • Potassium
  • Macromolecule
  • High Molecular Weight