Mouse visceral yolk sac has been organ cultured from 9 days of gestation, a time prior to the thymus being lymphoid, until 12 days of gestation, a time after which the thymus is lymphoid. During the culture period the endodermal epithelial cells survived well, erythropoiesis diminished, endothelial-lined cavities formed in the mesodermal mass, and cells developed which have been classified as large, medium and small immunocyte precursors. The cytoplasm of the immunocyte precursors contains polysomes, spherical mitochondria, a few profiles of rough endoplasmic reticulum, occasional granules and a large Golgi complex. This study offers morphological support for the yolk sac origin of immunocyte precursors in the mouse which may seed the thymus and liver.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Ackerman, G.A., Hosteller, J.R.: Morphological studies of the embryonic rabbit thymus: the in situ epithelial versus extrathymic derivation of the initial population of lymphocytes in embryonic thymus. Anat. Rec. 166, 27–46 (1970)
Haar, J.L.: Light and electron microscopy of the human fetal thymus. Anat. Rec. 179, 463–476 (1974)
Haar, J.L., Ackerman, G.A.: A phase and electron microscopic study of vasculogenesis and erythropoiesis in the yolk sac of the mouse. Anat. Rec. 170, 199–224 (1971)
Hemmingsson, E.J., Alm, G.V.: Migration of haemopoietic cells from the yolk sac to the thymus and bursa of Fabricius in the chick embryo. Acta. path, microbiol. scand., Section A 81, 79–84 (1973)
Hofman, F., Globerson, A.: Graft-versus-host response induced in vitro by mouse yolk sac cells. Europ. J. Immunol. 3, 179–181 (1973)
Hoshino, T., Takeda, M., Abe, K., Ito, T.: Early development of thymic lymphocytes in mice, studied by light and electron microscopy. Anat. Rec. 164, 47–66 (1969)
Leene, W., Duyzings, M.J.M., Van Steeg, C.: Lymphoid stem cell identification in the developing thymus and bursa of Fabricius of the chick. Z. Zellforsch. 136, 521–533 (1973)
Moore, M.A.S., Owen, J.J.T.: Experimental studies on the development of the thymus. J. exp. Med. 126, 715–725 (1967)
Nossal, G.J.V., Pike, B.L.: Studies on the differentiation of B lymphocytes in the mouse. Immunology 25, 33–45 (1973)
Owen, J.J.T., Ritter, M.A.: Tissue interaction in the development of thymus lymphocytes. J. exp. Med. 129, 431–442 (1969)
Owen, J.J.T., Raff, M.C., Cooper, M.D.: Studies on the generation of B lymphocytes on the mouse embryo. Europ. J. Immunol. 5, 468–473 (1975)
Stutman, O.: Hemopoietic origin of B cells in the mouse. Advanc. exp. med. Biol. 29, 19–26 (1973)
Tyan, M.L., Hetzenberg, L.A.: Immunoglobulin production by embryonic tissues: thymus independent. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N.Y.) 128, 952–954 (1968)
Zagury, D., Bernard, J., Ternynck, T., Avrameas, S.: Biology of isolated immunocytes. III. Fine immunocytological characterization of lymphoplasma cells. Ann. Immunol. 126, 581–603 (1975)
Supported by NIH Grant AI 13486-01
About this article
Cite this article
Haar, J.L. An in vitro morphological study of the mouse visceral yolk sac and possible yolk sac immunocyte precursors. Cell Tissue Res. 184, 113–119 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00220531
- Mouse yolk sac
- Immunocyte precursors
- Organ culture