RNA synthesis was measured in toluenized E. coli by the incorporation of radiolabeled precursor into either acid precipitable or phenol extracted RNA. Exposure to captan (100 μM) caused a 2.6 fold increase in the apparent rate of RNA synthesis. When captan was tested for its effect on the initiation of RNA synthesis, using either rifampicin-treated cells or by measuring the incorporation of γ[32P]ATP or γ[32P]GTP, no change was observed in the number of RNA chains being initiated. Thus, captan does not exert its influence at the level of initiation of nascent chains. However, captan did have an effect on chain growth. From calculations of the incorporation of precursors molecules, RNAs isolated from treated cells were measured to be an average of 2.7 times longer than those from untreated cells. RNA chain lengths were also analyzed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. By this latter technique it was also shown that cells exposed to captan synthesized RNAs that were longer than those of untreated cells. Alterations in the degradation of RNA molecules do not account for the captan mediated response in RNA synthesis.
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Lewis, R.A., Allen, L. Captan alters transcription in Escherichia coli permeabilized by toluene. Mol Cell Biochem 68, 23–30 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00219385
- RNA synthesis