Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Meaning and reference in classical India

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bronkhorst, J. (1991). “Studies in Bhart\(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{r}\)hari, 3: Bhart\(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{r}\)hari on Spho \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{t}\) a and universals” Asiatische Studien/Etudes Asiatique 45(1), 1991.

  2. Deshpande, M. M. (1992). The Meaning of Nouns: Semantic theory in classical and medieval India ((Nāmārtha-nir \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{n}\) aya of Kau \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{n}\) \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{d}\) abha \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{t}\) \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{t}\) a). Studies of Classical India, Vol. 13. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

  3. Dummett, M. (1981). Frege: Philosophy of Language. 2nd Edition. London: Duckworth.

  4. Evans, G. (1982). The Varieties of Reference. Edited by J. McDowell. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

  5. Gadādhara Bha\(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{t}\) \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{t}\)ācārya. (1972 edn). Śaktivāda. With K\(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{r}\) \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s}\) \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{n}\)a Bha\(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{t}\) \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{t}\)a's Ma \(\bar n\) \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s}\) a, Mādhava Bha\(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{t}\) \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{t}\)ācārya's Viv \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{r}\) tti and Sāhitya Darśanācārya's Vinodini. Ed. Gosvami Damodara Sastri. Benares: Kashi Sanskrit Series no. 57.

  6. Gautama Ak\(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s}\)apāda. (1936 edn). Nyāyasūtra. With Vātsyāyana's Bhā \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s}\) ya, Uddyotakara's Vārttika, Vācaspati Miśra's Tātparya \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{t}\) īkā and Viśvanātha's V \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{r}\) tti. Ed. Taranatha Nyayatarkatirtha and Amarendramohan Tarkatirtha. Calcutta: Calcutta Sanskrit Series nos. 18–19.

  7. Geach, P. T. (1980). Reference and Generality: An examination of some medieval and modern theories. Third edition. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

  8. Herzberger, R. (1986). Bhat \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{r}\) and the Buddhists. Studies of Classical India, vol. 8. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

  9. Jayanta Bhat\(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{t}\) \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{t}\)a. (1936 edn). Nyāyamañjarī. Ed. S. N. Sukla. Benares: Kashi Sanskrit Series 106.

  10. Kaplan, D. (1989a). “Demonstratives: An Essay on the Semantics, Logic, Metaphysics and Epistemology of Demonstratives and Other Indexicals.” In J. Almog, J. Perry, and H. Wettstein, eds., Themes From Kaplan. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  11. Katsura, S. (1991). “Di\(dot n\)nāga and Dharmakīrti on apoha,” in E. Steinkellner ed. Studies in the Buddhist Epistemological Tradition. Vienna.

  12. Kripke, S. (1979). “Speaker's Reference and Semantic Reference.” In P. S. French et al. eds., Contemporary Perspectives in the Philosophy of Language. Mineapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

  13. Kumārila Bha\(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{t}\) \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{t}\)a (1903 edn). Tantravārtika. Ed. G. Sastri. Benares: Benares Sanskrit Series.

  14. Matilal, B. K. (1971). Epistemology, Logic and Grammar in Indian Philosophical Analysis. The Hague: Mouton.

  15. Matilal, B. K. (1990). The Word and the World: India's Contribution to the Study of Language. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

  16. Patañjali (1961). Mahābhā \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s}\) ya. With Kaiyata's Pradīpa and Nāgeśa's Uddyota. Ed. Vedavrata. Jhajjara.

  17. Raja, K. K. (1963). Indian theories of Meaning. Madras: The Adyar Library.

  18. Russell, B. (1912). The Problems of Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  19. Russell, B. (1956). “The Philosophy of Logical Atomism.” In R. Marsh, ed., Logic and Knowledge. New York: Capricorn Books.

  20. Scharf, P. (1990). The Denotation of Generic Terms in Ancient Indian Grammar, Nyāya and Mīmā \(\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{m}\) . Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Ph.D. dissertation.

  21. Siderits, M. (1991). Indian Philosophy of Language. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

  22. Strawson, P. (1950). “On Referring.” Mind 59: 320–44.

  23. Strawson, P. (1952). Introduction to Logical Theory. London: Methuen.

  24. Tiwari, H. (1993). From Form to Universal. Oxford: University of Oxford D.Phil. Thesis.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ganeri, J. Meaning and reference in classical India. J Indian Philos 24, 1–19 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00219273

Download citation