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Immunocytochemical localization of alkaline phosphatase in absorptive cells of rat small intestine after colchicine treatment

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of colchicine and vinblastine on the localization of alkaline phosphatase (AlPase) in rat duodenum in relation to structural changes. AlPase was localized on the membranes of rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi stacks, cytoplasmic vesicles, microvilli, on lateral plasma membranes, and in some lysosomes of the duodenal epithelial cells of rats treated with either lumicolchicine or 0.9% NaCl alone. Microvilli were most intensely stained, and AlPase-positive Golgi stacks were regularly distributed in the supranuclear regions. After colchicine treatment, microvilli were shortened and the staining intensity became weaker, whereas basal as well as lateral plasma membranes showed stronger staining. The AlPase-positive microvilli appeared not only on the luminal surfaces, but also on the baso-lateral plasma membranes and even on the surfaces of characteristic intracytoplasmic cysts. Golgi stacks became smaller and their distribution became less localized, and the staining intensity of the Golgi stacks became weaker. AlPase localization in rats treated with vinblastine was almost identical with that of rats treated with colchicine. Thus, colchicine and vinblastine appeared to have elicited a disorientation of intracellular transport of intestinal AlPase by inhibiting microtubule organization.

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Correspondence to Hideaki Hasegawa.

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Hasegawa, H., Watanabe, K., Nakamura, T. et al. Immunocytochemical localization of alkaline phosphatase in absorptive cells of rat small intestine after colchicine treatment. Cell Tissue Res. 250, 521–529 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00218943

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Key words

  • Immunocytochemistry
  • Alkaline phosphatase
  • Small intestine
  • Colchicine
  • Rat