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Immunohistochemical localisation of the hypertrehalosaemic hormone II (Cam-HrTH-II) and related peptides in the nervous system of Carausius morosus and Sarcophaga bullata

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A polyclonal antiserum was prepared against an N-terminal modified Cam-HrTH-II (Leu-Asn-Phe-...), one of the members of the large AKH/RPCH peptide family, first isolated from Carausius morosus. The localisation of this peptide was performed by means of immunocytochemical methods in the brain and corpora cardiaca-corpora allata complex of the stick insect, Carausius morosus and the grey fleshfly, Sarcophaga bullata. The distribution patterns of molecules reactive to the Cam-HrTH-II and the LomAKH-I antisera in both insect species were compared. In Carausius, both antisera reacted in the same cell bodies. In Sarcophaga, some neurons were stained by both, others only by one of the two antisera. By combining two different antisera, we demonstrated that there are no Lom-AKH-I-like molecules present in Carausius and that there must occur at least three different AKH-like molecules in the brain of Sarcophaga. One is similar to Cam-HrTH-II, the second to Lom-AKH-I and the third is an AKH/RPCH-like peptide, different from Lom-AKH-I and Cam-HrTH-II.

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Correspondence to F. Clottens.

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Clottens, F., Gäde, G., Huybrechts, R. et al. Immunohistochemical localisation of the hypertrehalosaemic hormone II (Cam-HrTH-II) and related peptides in the nervous system of Carausius morosus and Sarcophaga bullata . Cell Tissue Res. 258, 631–636 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00218876

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Key words

  • Insect AKH/RPCH
  • Neurohormones
  • Cam-HrTH-II
  • Lom-AKH-I
  • Immunocytochemistry
  • Carausius morosus, Sarcophaga bullata (Insecta)