Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Marginal-water application in arid zones

  • 68 Accesses


The intensified efforts to improve agricultural economy in arid zones is associated with increased demand for water. Scarcity of potable water has hightened the importance of marginal water in dry regions. Marginal water includes saline water, wastewater, and runoff water. These water sources differ in location in regards to the application site, quality, quantity, and stability of supply. Previous experience proved that each of the above alternative water sources can be used separately or in combination, for the economic benefit of the farmers.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Agassi, M.; Morin, J.; Shainberg, I.: Effect of raindrop impact energy and water salinity on infiltration rates of sodic soils. Soil Science Society of America Jour. 49, 186–190 (1985)

  2. Baker, C.H.; Horrocks, R.D.; Goering, C.E.: Use of Gompertz function for predicting corn leaf area. Trans. of the ASAE 18, 323–326, 330 (1975)

  3. Ben-Asher, J.; Oron, G.; Button, B.J.: Estimation of runoff volume for agriculture in arid lands. In: Singh, A.; Chowdhary, G.R. (eds.), Dryland resources and technology, Vol. 2, p. 79–90, Geo-Environ. Academia, Jodphur, India 1985.

  4. Ben-Hur, M.; Shainberg, I.; Bakker, D.; Keren, R.: Effect of soil texture and CaCO3 content on water infiltration in crushed soils as related to water salinity. Irrigation Science 6, 281–194 (1985)

  5. Bisconer, I.: Chemigation with micro-irrigation systems: An overview with design considerations. ASAE paper No. 86–2583, presented at the ASAE winter meeting, Chicago, Dec. 16–19, 1986.

  6. Bishop, A.A.; Walker, W.R.; Surge flow update. Utah Agr. Exp. Station, USU, Logan, UT 84321, p. 125–129, 1981.

  7. Boers, T.; DeGraaf, M.; Feddes, R.A.; Ben-Asher, J.: A linear regression model combined with a soil water balance model to design microcatchment for water harvesting in arid zones. Agricultural Water Management 11, 187–206 (1986)

  8. Brown, J.W.: Irrigation with municipal and Industrial waste-water. Proceedings of the 25th annual meeting of California Irrigation Institute, p. 9 Sacramento, Jan. 29, 1987.

  9. Coolidge, P.S.; Walker, W.R.; Bishop, A.A.: Advance and runoff-surge flow furrow irrigation. Proc. ASCE, Jour. Irrigation and Drainage Div. 108, 35–42 (1982)

  10. Dinar, A.; Letey, J.; Vaux, H.J. Jr.: Optimal ratios of saline and non-saline irrigation waters for crop production. Soil Science of America Jour. 50, 440–443 (1986)

  11. Dutt, G.R.; McCreary, T.W.: Multipurpose salt treatment water harvesting system. Proceedings of the Water Harvesting Symposium, ARS W-22, Agricultural Research Service USDA, 1975.

  12. Emmerich, W.E.; Frasier, G.W.; Fink, D.H.: Relation between soil properties and effectiveness of low cost water harvesting treatments. Soil Science Society of America Jour. 51, 213–219 (1987)

  13. Evett, S.R.; Dutt, G.R.: Length and slope effects on runoff from sodium dispersed, compacted earth microcatchments. Soil Science Society of America Jour. 49, 734–738 (1985)

  14. Grimes, D.W.; Sharma, R.L.; Henderson, D.W.: Developing the resource potential of a shallow water table. University of California, Davis; Cal. Water Resources Center, Contribution No. 188, p. 39, ISSN 0575-4941, 1984

  15. Hoffman, G.J..; Drainage required to manage salinity. Proc. ASCE, Jour. Irrigation and Drainage Div. 111, 199–206 (1985)

  16. Issar, A.; Oron, G.: Water from fossil aquifers as a potential supply source for solar desalination plants on regional scale. Desalination 5, 15–27 (1982)

  17. ISQW: Israel standards for quality of wastewater effluent to be reused for irrigation of agricultural crops. State of Israel, Ministry of Health, Israel Public Health Law, paragraph 65, 1978.

  18. Joseph, H.C.; Ongley, E.D.: Role of suspended sediment in irrigation return flow chemistry, southern Alberta. Water Resources Research 22, 643–654 (1986)

  19. Kathein, Z.; Oron, G.: Effluent quality and screen filtration for trickle irrigation. Proceedings of the 4th World Filtration Congress, p. 5, Ostend, Belgium, April 22–25, 1986.

  20. Kaushal, M.P.; Khepar, S.D.; Panda, S.N.: Saline groundwater management and optimal cropping pattern. Water International 10, 86–91 (1985)

  21. Mass, E.V.: Physiological response of plants to chloride. In: Jackson, T.L. (ed). Chloride and crop production. Special Bull. No. 2, p. 4–20, Potash and Phosphate Institute, Atlanta GA 30329, 1986.

  22. Oron, G.; Ben-Asher, J.; Issar, A.; Boers, T.M.: Economic Evaluation of Water Resources Research 19, 1099–1105 (1983)

  23. Oron, G.; DeMalach, Y.; Efron, C.: Intensified fertilization of cotton grown on sandy dunes and irrigated with saline water (in Hebrew). The Institute for Desert Research, Kiryat Sde-Boker, Israel, Oct. 1985.

  24. Pasternak, D.; De Malach, Y.; Borovic, I.: Irrigation with brackish water under desert conditions. II. Physiological and yield response of maize (zea mays) to continuous irrigation with brackish water and to alternating brackish-fresh-brackish water irrigation. Agricultural Water Management 10, 47–60 (1985)

  25. Pasternak, D.; Zohar, Y.; DeMalach, Y.; Twersky, M.: Water production function for wheat under water different environmental conditions. Agricultural Water Management, 11, 187–206 (1986)

  26. Phene, C.J.; Howell, T.A.; Sikorski, M.D.: A traveling trickle irrigation system. In: Hillel, D., (ed.) Advances in irrigation, p. 1–49, Acad. Press, New York 1985.

  27. Postal, S.: Effective water use for food production. Water International 11, 23–31 (1986)

  28. Reddy, J.M.; Clym, W.: Optimizing surface irrigation system design parameters: Simplified analysis. Trans. of the ASAE 25, 966–974 (1982)

  29. Samani, Z.A.; Hargreaves, G.H.: Estimating rainfall probabilities from average values. Applied Eng. in Agriculture 2, 141–143, 147 (1986)

  30. Sinai, G.; Koch, E.; Farbman, M.: Dilution of brackish waters in irrigation networks — an analytic approach. Irrigation Science 6, 191–200 (1985)

  31. Smith, M.A.: Retention of bacteria, viruses and heavy metals in crops irrigated with reclaimed water. Australian Water Resources Council, Technical Paper No. 74. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra 1982.

  32. Smith, R.J.; Hancock, N.H.: Leaching requirements of irrigated soils. Agricultural Water Management 11, 13–22 (1986)

  33. Solomon, K.H.: Global uniformity of trickle irrigation systems. Trans. of the ASAE 28, 1151–1158 (1985)

  34. Strelkoff, T.: Algebraic computation of flow in border irrigation. Proc. ASCE, Jour. Irrigation and Drainage Dev. 103, 357–377 (1977)

  35. Strelkoff, T.; Souza, F.: Modeling effection depth of furrow infiltration. Proc. ASCE Jour. Irrigation and Drainage Div. 110, 375–387 (1984)

  36. Tanji, K.K.; Grismer, M.E.; Hanson, B.R.: Subsurface drainage evaporation ponds. California Agriculture 39, 10–12 (1985)

  37. Testezlaf, R.; Garton, J.E.; Cudrak, A.J.; Elliot, R.L.: An open ditch surge flow irrigation system. Applied Eng. in Agriculture 2, 133–136 (1986)

  38. Wu, I.P.; Gitlin, H.M.: Drip irrigation design based on uniformity. Trans. of the ASAE 17, 429–432 (1974)

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Oron, G. Marginal-water application in arid zones. GeoJournal 15, 259–266 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00213453

Download citation


  • Wastewater
  • Previous Experience
  • Environmental Management
  • Potable Water
  • Water Source