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Energy and nuclear charge dependence of abundance enhancements of solar cosmic ray heavy ions in three large solar events

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Abstract

The differential flux and energy spectra of solar cosmic ray heavy ions of He, C, O, Ne, Mg, Si, and Fe were determined in the energy interval E = 3–30 MeV amu-1 for two large solar events of January 24, 1971 and September 1, 1971 in rocket flights made from Ft. Churchill. From these data the relative abundances and the abundance enhancement factors, ξ, relative to photospheric abundances were obtained for these elements. Similar results were obtained for a third event on August 4, 1972 from the available published data. Characteristic features of ξ vs nuclear charge dependences were deduced for five energy intervals. The energy dependence of ξ for He shows a moderate change by a factor of about 3, whereas for Fe, ξ shows a very dramatic decrease by a factor of 10–20 with increasing energy. It is inferred that these abundance enhancements of solar cosmic ray heavy ions at low energies seem to be related to their ionization states (Z *) and hence studies of Z * can give information on the important parameters such as temperature and density in the accelerating region in the Sun.

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Biswas, S., Durgaprasad, N. & Vahia, M.N. Energy and nuclear charge dependence of abundance enhancements of solar cosmic ray heavy ions in three large solar events. Sol Phys 89, 163–180 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00211960

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Keywords

  • Relative Abundance
  • Energy Spectrum
  • Characteristic Feature
  • Ionization State
  • Energy Dependence