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Solar cosmic radiation during August 1972

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Abstract

Low energy cosmic rays produced by the spectacular series of solar flares in August 1972 are reviewed. Satellite observations of electrons, protons and alpha particles are compared. The proton differential energy spectrum is discussed at certain key times during the events. Three energetic storm particle events were produced over the time period covered by the detailed analysis, 2–11 August. The origin of the cosmic ray square wave on 5 August is discussed. Measurements of heavy ions are available both from Pioneer 10 and from a high latitude rocket flight on 4 August.

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The literature survey for this review was concluded in August 1975.

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Simnett, G.M. Solar cosmic radiation during August 1972. Space Sci Rev 19, 579–610 (1976). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00210642

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Keywords

  • Flare
  • Energy Spectrum
  • High Latitude
  • Solar Flare
  • Alpha Particle