We have found in patients with ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency from two Spanish families (A and B), replacement by A of G at the 3′-end of exon 4 of the OTC gene. The same mutation is found in the spf-ash mouse, a rodent model of mild OTC deficiency, causing a neutral R129H mutation and inefficient splicing at the 5′donor site of the exon 4-intron 4 junction, with resultant 4%–7% residual OTC activity. The mutation, detected in our patients using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of the ten OTC exons, single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis and direct sequencing of PCR-amplified exon 4, results in the loss of a unique MspI restriction site which can be used for rapid diagnosis. The mutation was transmitted by the mother in family A and arose de novo in the patient in family B. Residual OTC activity, determined in a male and a female patient, was 1.3% and 3.5% of normal, respectively. Despite this low activity, the surviving patients have developed normally.
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García-Pérez, M.A., Sanjurjo, P. & Rubio, V. Demonstration of the spf-ash mutation in Spanish patients with ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency of moderate severity. Hum Genet 95, 183–186 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00209398
- Restriction Site
- Direct Sequencing
- Donor Site
- Rodent Model