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Origin of the fluids associated with granodiorite-hosted, Sb-As-Au-W mineralisation at Dúbrava (Nízke Tatry Mts, Western Carpathians)

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Mineral parageneses of the polymetallic, Sbrich deposit at Dúbrava has been formed during five separated stages. A fluid inclusion study demonstrates that the earliest stages with scheelite, molybdenite and arsenopyrite have been associated with immiscible CO2 (± CH4)-rich, low-saline fluids at temperatures between 300 and 400 °C and pressures as much as 2 kbar. Deposition of the main, superimposed ores, stibnite and zinckenite, has been intimately connected with circulation of aqeuous, moderately saline fluids (15.5–23.5 wt% NaCl equiv.) upon epithermal conditions. Salinity of the aqueous fluids associated with tetrahedrite is clustered around 10 wt% NaCl equiv. Quartz from the latest, barite stage has precipitated from aqueous fluids enriched in divalent cations. These fluids are believed to be genetically linked with Triassic evaporite formations preserved in the region. Temperature-salinity diagrams constructed from microthermometry data indicate influx of diluted meteorite water in the stibnite, tetrahedrite and barite stages. Isotopic data are in accordance with model. The δ 18O values between −9.3‰ and +1.5‰ have been derived for water in equilibrium with quartz, coexisting with sphalerite, tetrahedrite and barite, thus confirming the participation of isotopically lighter meteoric waters in the mineral-forming solutions. The (δ 18O) values between +3.3‰ and +8.5‰ estimated for the water associated with the scheelite and arsenopyrite stages, are suggestive for the majority of metamorphic and/or magmatic water in the mineral-forming, CO2-rich solutions.

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Chovan, M., Hurai, V., Sachan, H.K. et al. Origin of the fluids associated with granodiorite-hosted, Sb-As-Au-W mineralisation at Dúbrava (Nízke Tatry Mts, Western Carpathians). Mineral. Deposita 30, 48–54 (1995).

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  • Fluid Inclusion
  • Evaporite
  • Barite
  • Meteoric Water
  • Aqueous Fluid