Since the first report in 1982 by Hartrampf, Scheflan and Black  on the TRAM flap, it has had a profound impact on the management of post-mastectomy deformity and the reconstruction of numerous chest wall deformities. A retrospective analysis of 10 years of experience of two surgeons covering a total of 1079 flaps is presented. Lessons learned regarding patient evaluation and preparation, advances in operative techniques, and post-operative care and results are assessed and discussed.
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Scheflan, M., Dinner, M. 1079 pedicled TRAM flaps — a retrospective analysis 1981–1991. Eur J Plast Surg 17, 221–227 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00208831
- TRAM flaps
- Breast reconstruction
- Pedicled flaps