Streaming birefringence with an organic dye (Milling Yellow) was used to investigate the flow near the junction of the renal arteries and the descending aorta in a model of human vessels. The dye concentration was adjusted to give fluid rheological properties, typical of blood. Steady and pulsatile flow were investigated at branch-to-trunk flow ratios of 0.050–0.350. The flow ratio range over which flow separation and simple secondary flows were identified during systole near the renal ostia are reported. Streaming birefringence has the advantage of allowing visualization of the entire flow field. Also, the fluid rather than suspended particles are observed. An important disadvantage, however, is that three-dimensional flows make interpretation difficult.
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Rankin, G.W., Sabbah, H.N. & Stein, P.D. A streaming birefringence study of the flow at the junction of the aorta and the renal arteries. Experiments in Fluids 7, 73–80 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00207298
- Renal Artery
- Rheological Property
- Suspended Particle
- Secondary Flow