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Middle Holocene vegetation and human impact in central Sudan: charcoal from the neolithic site at Kadero

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Charcoal recovered from middens and graves in the neolithic site of Kadero, north of Khartoum, Sudan was analysed. The site lies within the semi-desert vegetation zone at present. During the occupation period (5960-5030 uncal B.P.), a scrub and thorn savanna grew around the site. It is further suggested that the vegetation during the neolithic period at Kadero was already under strong human impact through controlled fires, felling and grazing.

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Barakat, H.N. Middle Holocene vegetation and human impact in central Sudan: charcoal from the neolithic site at Kadero. Veget Hist Archaebot 4, 101–108 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00206918

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Key words

  • Middle Holocene
  • Vegetation history
  • Anthracology
  • Human impact
  • Central Sudan