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In vitro studies of the natural humoral antitumor reactivity of BALB/c and C57BL/6J mice

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Summary

Antitumor antibodies were produced in vitro by spleen cells harvested from 12- to 18-month-old C57BL/6J and BALB/c mice with a naturally occurring complement-dependent serum cytotoxicity for tumor cells. The antibodies were of the IgM class and had a complement-dependent cytotoxic reactivity on EL4 cells, which was not absorbed by normal thymus cells. No natural antibodies were produced by untreated spleen cells from 1- or 3-month-old mice of the same two strains, which had no natural serum reactivity. However, after a treatment with an anti-Thy-1 serum and complement before culturing, spleen cells from 3-month-old mice, but not 1-month-old mice, produced the natural antitumor cytotoxic antibodies in vitro. When antibody-producing spleen cells from 12-month-old mice were cultured in vitro together with spleen cells from the unreactive 3-month-old syngeneic mice, inhibition of the antibody production occurred. This inhibiting capacity increased between 1 and 6 months of age and was abrogated by a treatment with an anti-Thy-1 serum and complement or with an anti-Ly-2 serum, whereas the passage of the inhibiting spleen cells on an anti-IgG column did not modify the inhibiting capacity. The in vitro data confirm previous in vivo findings on the nature, specificity and systems of regulation of the natural antitumor cytotoxic antibodies.

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Correspondence to Sylvie Ménard.

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Ménard, S., Colnaghi, M.I. In vitro studies of the natural humoral antitumor reactivity of BALB/c and C57BL/6J mice. Cancer Immunol Immunother 10, 139–146 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00205885

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Keywords

  • Tumor Cell
  • Cancer Research
  • Vitro Study
  • Spleen Cell
  • Antibody Production