Three synthetic glycolipids, maltose tetrapalmitate (MTP), maltose hexastearate (MHS), and maltose hexalinoleate (MHL) prepared as nontoxic lipid A analogs, and Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were assayed for their mitogenic activity using spleen lymphocytes in nine inbred mouse strains and three F1 hybrids. The MTP and LPS were also assayed for their ability to enhance plaque-forming cell (PFC) responses using sheep red blood cells as the antigen in th same inbred mouse strains and F1 hybrids, The mitogenic activity of synthetic glycolipids was several fold lower than that of LPS and MHL was inferior to MTP and MHS. DBA/2J was the most responsive strain for MTP and DBA/1J and C3H/HeJ the least. The mitogenic activity of MTP was generally in agreement with the PFC response stimulation by it. Lowdose cyclophosphamide treatment of mice synergized MTP for PFC response augmentation. Genetic studies on MTP mitogenicity revealed that 90% of responder DBA/2J X nonresponder C3H/HeJ F1 hybrids had intermediate mitogenic activity. Among F2, 73% had intermediate-high activity and 27% were nonmitogenic. Among F1 X C3H/HeJ backcrosses 11% had high, 56% intermediate, and 33% had no mitogenic activity, whereas, for the F1 X DBA/2J backcross, 14% had high, 36% intermediate, and 50% low or negligible activity. The data favored a single gene for MTP activation of immune cells.
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This work was supported, in part, by a grant from the National Cancer Institute of Canada, and by grant from the Cancer Research Society Inc.
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Bissonnette, E., Benrezzak, O., Madarnas, P. et al. Mitogenic, immunoadjuvancy, and genetic studies on fatty acyl maltose. Cancer Immunol Immunother 27, 272–277 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00205451
- Escherichia Coli
- Genetic Study
- Fatty Acyl