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Vergence eye movement control and multivalent perception of autostereograms

Abstract

We introduce a dynamical model for automatic vergence eye movement control. In connection with our dynamical system of binocular model neurons that solves the correspondence problem of stereo-vision, we present a complete model for stereo-vision. Our automatic vergence eye movement control adjusts an image segment, which is of momentary interest to the observer. The adjustment is done in such a way that we only need to define a disparity search range of minimal extension. ecently, a new method of encoding (3D) three-dimenional information in 2D pictures was designed in the form of computer-generated patterns of colored dots. At first glimpse, these so-called autostereograms appear as structured but meaningless patterns. After a certain period of observation, a 3D pattern emerges suddenly in an impressive way. Applying our algorithm to autostereograms, we find a fully satisfactory agreement with the multivalent perception experienced by humans. As in nature, in our model the phase transition between the initial state and the 3D perception state takes place in a very short time. Our algorithm is very robust against noise, and there is no need to interpolate a sparse depth map.

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Correspondence to D. Reimann.

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Reimann, D., Ditzinger, T., Fischer, E. et al. Vergence eye movement control and multivalent perception of autostereograms. Biol. Cybern. 73, 123–128 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00204050

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Keywords

  • Phase Transition
  • Satisfactory Agreement
  • Model Neuron
  • Image Segment
  • Search Range