This paper compares intrametropolitan industrial location models to the process of intrametropolitan industrial location as described in the real estate and urban economic literature. It identifies seven areas where industrial location models are at odds with reality, and suggests ways to make them realistic. Specifically, it makes a case for microanalytic/stochastic/recursive/dynamic/economic industrial location models. It goes on to describe an operational model that is “realistic” in most respects.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations (1967). State-Local Taxation and Industrial Location. Washington, D.C.: Gov't Printing Office.
Baltimore Regional Planning Council (1967). Manufacturing Industries; Projections of Locational Decisions. Springfield, Va.: Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information.
Boston Economic Development and Industrial Commission (1967). Boston's Industry. Boston.
Boyce, D., Day, N. and McDonald, C. (1970). Metropolitan Plan Making. Philadelphia: Regional Science Research Institute.
Brown, H. J., Ginn, J. R., James, F. J., Kain, J. F. and Straszheim, M. R. (1970). A Survey of Empirical Models of Urban Land Use: Suggestions on Research Objectives and Organization. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Campbell, A. K. (1958). “Taxes and Industrial Location in the New York Metropolitan Region” National Tax Journal 11: 195–218.
Chinitz, B. and Vernon, R. (1960). “Changing Forces in Industrial Location,” Harvard Business Review. 38: 126–136.
Collins, L. (1972). Industrial Migration in Ontario: Forecasting Aspects of Industrial Activity Through Markov Chain Analysis. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
Fresno State College Bureau of Business Research and Service (1971). Site Selection Factor Studies, Fresno, California, 1968–1969. Fresno, Calif.
Gates, E. D. (1962). “Location Analysis and Site Selection,” Industrial Development and Manufacturers Record 131: 6–13.
Greenhut, M. L. (1956). Plant Location in Theory and in Practice: The Economics of Space. Chapel Hill: Univer. of No. Carolina Press.
Haines, V. G. (1970). Business Relocation: A Guide to Moving a Business. London: Business Books Ld.
Hamer, A. M. (1972). “The Comparative Cost of Location of Manufacturing Firms in Urban Areas: A Boston Case Study,” The Review of Regional Studies 2: 95–134.
Hileman, R. D. (1964). Advanced Course in Techniques of Industrial Real Estate. Washington, D.C.: Society of Industrial Realtors.
Hollinshead, E. (1967). “Migration of Industry,” Urban Land, 16: 3–6.
Hoover, E. M. and Vernon, R. (1959). Anatomy of a Metropolis. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Hymer, A. and Pashigan (1962). “Firm Size and Rate of Growth,” Journal of Political Economy 70: 556–569.
Irwin, N. A. (1965). “Review of Existing Land Use Forecasting Techniques,” Highway Research Record. Washington, D.C.: Highway Research Board.
Kinnard, W. N. (1967). Industrial Real Estate. Washington, D.C.: Society of Industrial Realtors.
Kinnard, W. N. and Malinowski, Z. S. (1959). The Turnover and Mortality of Manufacturing Firms in the Hartford Connecticut Economic Area. Storrs: Univer. of Conn. Press.
Kinnard, W. N. and Malinowski, Z. S. (1961). Highways as a Factor in Small Manufacturing Plant Location Decisions. Storrs: Univer. of Conn. Press.
Leigh, R. (1969). “Analysis of Factors Affecting the Location of Industry Within Cities,” Canadian Geographer 13: 28–33.
Leone, R. (1971). Location of Manufacturing Activity in the New York Metropolitan Area. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Logan, M. I. (1966). “Locational Behavior of Manufacturing Firms in Urban Areas,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 56: 451–466.
Luttrell, W. F. (1962). Factory Location and Industrial Movement. London: National Institute of Industrial and Social Research.
Malinowski, Z. S. and Kinnard, W. N. (1961). Personal Factors Influencing Small Manufacturing Plant Locations. Storrs: Univer. of Conn. Press.
McCarthy, J. D. (1963). Highways, Trucks, and New Industry: A Study of Changing Patterns in Plant Location. Chicago: American Trucking Association.
McMillan, T. E. (1965). “Why Manufacturers Choose Plant Locations versus Determinants of Plant Location,” Land Economics 41: 239–246.
Moses, L. and Williamson, H. (1967). “Location of Economic Activities in Cities,” American Economic Review 57: 211–222.
New Factors Rule in Plant Siting (1972). Industry Week 172: 33–35.
Nourse, H. O. (1970). “Industrial Location and Land Use in Metropolitan Areas.” In W. D. Gardner (ed.), America's Cities. Ann Arbor: Bureau of Business Research, Univer. of Michigan Press.
Pred, A. (1964). “The Intrametropolitan Location of American Manufacturing,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 54: 165–180.
Reed, R. (1961). Plant Layout: Factors, Principles and Techniques. Homewood, Ill.: Richard D. Irwin Inc.
Reeder, L. (1954). “Industrial Location Trends in Chicago in Comparison to Population Growth,” Land Economics 30: 177–182.
Segal, M. (1960). Wages in the Metropolis: Their Influence on the Location of Industries in the New York Region. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Speir, W. B. (1969). “Common Denominator in Selecting New Sites,” Industrial Development and Manufacturers Record 138: 30–32.
Speir, W. B. (1971). “Pollution and Plant Site Selection,” Factory, 4: 36–37.
Stefaniak, N. (1962). Industrial Location Within the Urban Area. Madison, Wis.: Bureau of Business Research and Services, Univer. of Wisconsin Press.
Stevens, B. H. and Brackett, C. A. (1967). Industrial Location: A Review and Annotated Bibliography of Theoretical. Empirical and Case Studies. Philadelphia: Regional Science Research Institute.
Stonier, C. E. (ed.) (1964). Industrial Location Principles and their Role in Site Selection on Long Island. Hempstead, N.Y.: Hofstra University Press.
Struyk, R. and James, F. J. (1972). Intrametropolitan Industrial Location: The Pattern and Process of Change in Four Metropolitan Areas. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Thompson, J. H. (1961). Methods of Plant Site Selection Available to Small Manufacturing Firms. Morgantown, W. V.: West Virginia University Press.
Townroe, P. M. (1968). Industrial Location and Regional Economic Policy: A Selected Bibliography. Birmingham, England: Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Univer. of Birmingham Press.
Townroe, P. M. (1971). Industrial Location Decisions: A Study in Management Behaviour. Birmingham, England: Center for Urban and Regional Studies, University of Birmingham Press.
United Nations (1970). Industrial Location and Regional Development: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: United Nations Industrial Development Organization.
Vaughn, S. H. (1969). “Engineering Aspects of Industrial Site Selection,” Industrial Development and Manufacturers Record 138: 18–21.
Yaseen, L. C. (1960). Plant Location. New York: American Research Council.
About this article
Cite this article
Ewing, R.H. Modeling intrametropolitan industrial location realistically. Transportation 6, 191–199 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00203229
- Operational Model
- Real Estate
- Location Model
- Economic Literature
- Industrial Location