Intimate association of ∼ 2 billion years old stromatolite with pyritic lead-zinc ores in the Precambrian polymetallic deposit at Rajpura-Dariba in Rajasthan, which hitherto remained unreported, provides an additional documentation of the syn(-dia)-genetic mineralization. The growth form and petrography of the stromatolite structure have been described and an explanation sought regarding the concentration of sulfides along the siliceous and carbonaceous laminations, as well as in the intercolumnar regions. Consideration of the geologic features noted in the mineralized zone and surrounding region suggests that the stratiform ores were deposited in a near-shore shallow marine environment, developed on basement highs and associated with euxinic conditions. Later, the ores were metamorphosed under conditions reaching upto amphibolite facies during a three-stage deformational history of their enclosing rocks. Some salient features of the secondary structures in the ores have been discussed in relation to this deformation history.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Berner, R. A.: Migration of iron and sulfur within anaerobic sediments during early diagenesis. Am. J. Sci. 267, 19–42 (1969)
Chauhan, D. S.: Nature of mineralization and genetic considerations of the Dariba main lode in Rajpura-Dariba-Bethumni zinc-lead-copper belt, Udaipur District, Rajasthan (Abstract). J. Geol. Soc. India 16 (Suppl.) 15–16 (1975)
Cloud, P. E. Jr., Semikhatov, M. A.: Proterozoic stromatolite zonation. Am. J. Sci. 267, 1017–1061 (1969)
Compston, W., Arriens, P. A.: The Precambrian geochronology of Australia. Can. J. Earth Sci. 5, 561–583 (1968)
Crawford, A. R.: The Precambrian geochronology of Rajasthan and Bundelkhand, Northern India. Can. J. Earth Sci. 7, 91–110 (1970)
Ferguson, J., Bubela, B.: The concentration of Cu(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous solutions by particulate algal matter. Chem. Geol. 13, 163–186 (1974)
Goldich, S. S.: Geochronology in the Lake Superior region. Can. J. Earth Sci. 5, 715–724 (1968)
Jayaram, B. N., Mathur, R. K.: Syngenetic sulfide metallogenesis in the Precambrian of Southeastern Rajasthan (Abstract). In: International Seminar on Tectonics and Metallogeny of Southeast Asia and Far East. Geol. Surv. India, 82–83, Calcutta (1974)
Mendelsohn, F.: Mineral deposits associated with stromatolites. In: M. R. Walter (Ed.): Stromatolites, 645–662. Amsterdam: Elsevier 1976
Monseur, G., Pel, J.: Reef environment and stratiform ore deposits. In: G. C. Amstutz and A. J. Bernard (Ed.): Ores in sediments, 195–207. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1972
Naha, K., Haliburton, R. V.: Early Precambrian stratigraphy of central and southern Rajasthan. Precamb. Res. 1, 55–73 (1974)
Nair, N. G. K., Agarwal, N. K.: Primary and secondary structures in the polymetallic ores of Rajpura-Dariba, Rajasthan, India. Mineral. Deposita (Berl.) 11, 352–356 (1976)
Pandya, M. K.: Some genetic aspects of the base metal deposits in Rajasthan (Abstract). J. Geol. Soc. India 16 (Suppl.), 14–15 (1975)
Rajarao, C. S., Poddar, B. C., Basu, K. Dutta, A. K.: Precambrian stratigraphy of Rajasthan — a review. Rec. Geol. Surv. India 101, 60–79 (1971)
Rajarao, C. S., Mathur, R. K.: Rajpura-Dariba lead-zinc-copper deposit, Udaipur district, Rajasthan (Abstract). J. Geol. Soc. India 16 (Suppl.), 28–29 (1975)
Roberts, W. M. B.: Dolomitization and genesis of Woodcutters lead-zinc prospects, Northern Territory, Australia. Mineral. Deposita (Berl.) 8, 35–36 (1973)
Siever, R.: Silica solubility, 0°-200°C and diagenesis in siliceous sediments. J. Geol. 70, 127–150 (1962)
About this article
Cite this article
Deb, M., Banerjee, D.M. & Bhattacharya, A.K. Precambrian stromatolite and other structures in the Rajpura-Dariba polymetallic ore deposit, Rajasthan, India. Mineral. Deposita 13, 1–9 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00202904
- Basement High
- Amphibolite Facies
- Deformation History