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Synchronization of neural activity is a promising mechanism of memory information processing in networks of columns

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Abstract

Synchronization of the oscillatory discharge of cortical neurons could be a part of the mechanism that is involved in cortical information processing. On the assumption that the basic functional unit is the column composed of local excitatory and inhibitory cells and generating oscillatory neural activity, a network model that attains associative memory function is proposed. The synchronization of oscillation in the model is studied analytically using a sublattice analysis. In particular, the retrieval of a single memory pattern can be studied in the system, which can be derived from the original network model of interacting columns and is formally equivalent to a system of an isolated column. The network model simulated numerically shows a remarkable performance in which retrieval is achieved simultaneously for more than one memory pattern. The manifestations of this simultaneous retrieval in the network dynamics are successive transitions of the network state from a synchronized oscillation for a memory pattern to that for another memory pattern.

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Fukai, T. Synchronization of neural activity is a promising mechanism of memory information processing in networks of columns. Biol. Cybern. 71, 215–226 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00202761

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Keywords

  • Network Model
  • Cortical Neuron
  • Neural Activity
  • Network Dynamic
  • Associative Memory