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Characterisation of a 5-bp deletion in exon 4 of the factor VIII gene: concordance with slipped-mispairing at DNA replication

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Abstract

In an attempt to characterize disease producing mutations in the factor VIII gene we screened exons 4, 7, 8, 11, 12 and 16 by PCR-SSCP (polymerase chain reactionsingle strand conformation polymorphism), in 12 randomly selected haemophilia A patients. These exons were chosen because they have been reported to harbour a disproportionately high number of mutations relative to their size. Using this strategy we detected a frame-shifting 5-bp deletion (TACCT, involving nucleotides 519–523), which is predicted to result in a severely truncated factor VIII polypeptide, terminating approximately midway through the conserved A1 domain and resulting in the observed severe phenotype. We also showed that the sequence in the vicinity of the observed deletion is concordant with the modified “slipped-mispairing at DNA replication” model of Krawczak and Cooper.

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Bidichandani, S.I., Lanyon, W.G. & Connor, J.M. Characterisation of a 5-bp deletion in exon 4 of the factor VIII gene: concordance with slipped-mispairing at DNA replication. Hum Genet 94, 447–449 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00201612

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Keywords

  • Nucleotide
  • Internal Medicine
  • Polypeptide
  • Metabolic Disease
  • Factor Viii