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Inhibition of soluble catechol-O-methyltransferase and single-dose pharmacokinetics after oral and intravenous administration of entacapone

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Abstract

The inhibition of soluble catechol-O-methyltransferase (S-COMT) in red blood cells (RBCs) by entacapone, and the pharmacokinetics of entacapone after single oral (5–800 mg) and IV (25 mg) doses have been examined in an open study in 12 healthy young male volunteers.

Oral entacapone dose-dependently decreased the activity of S-COMT in RBCs with a maximum inhibition of 82% after the highest dose (800 mg). The inhibition of S-COMT in RBCs was reversible and the activity recovered within 4–8 h.

Entacapone showed linear pharmacokinetics over the dose range studied: Cmax and AUC were correlated with the dose of the drug. Oral absorption of entacapone was fast, with a tmax ranging from 0.4 to 0.9 h, depending on the dose. Systemic availability of entacapone varied between 30 and 46%. Entacapone was rapidly eliminated by metabolism with a half-life of 0.27–0.30 h after oral doses of 5 to 50 mg. After doses from 100 to 800 mg the disposition was best described by two phases with a t1/2α of 0.27–0.37 h and t1/2β of 1.59–3.44 h.

Over the dose range studied, the single oral and IV doses of entacapone were well tolerated. No haematological, biochemical or haemodynamic adverse effects were seen.

The results show that entacapone is an orally effective and reversible COMT inhibitor in man and has simple, linear pharmacokinetics.

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Correspondence to T. Keränen.

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Keränen, T., Gordin, A., Karlsson, M. et al. Inhibition of soluble catechol-O-methyltransferase and single-dose pharmacokinetics after oral and intravenous administration of entacapone. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 46, 151–157 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00199880

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Key words

  • Entacapone
  • catechol-O-methyltransferase
  • pharmacokinetics
  • healthy volunteers
  • adverse effects
  • metabolism