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Callus formation and plantlet development from axillary buds of taro

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Abstract

Excised lateral buds of taro [Colocasia esculenta var. esculenta (L.) A.F. Hill] developed into plantlets and formed callus if cultured on media containing taro extract. α-Naphthaleneacetic acid enhanced the process but only if taro extract was also present. The tissue requirements for this variety of taro are different from those of Colocasia esculenta var. antiquorum (L.) A.F. Hill.

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Abbreviations

BA:

benzyladenine

CW:

coconut water

NAA:

α-naphthaleneacetic acid

TE:

taro extract

References

  1. Arditti, J., Strauss, M.S. (1979) Taro tissue culture manual. Information Document No. 44–1979, South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia

  2. de la Pena, R.S. (1983) Agronomy. In: Taro, a review of Colocasia esculenta and its potentials, pp. 167–179, Wang, J.K., ed. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, USA

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  4. Nyman, L.P., Arditti, J. (in press) Tissue culture of taro, Xanthosoma and Amorphophallus. In: Biotechnology of agricultural plants, Bajaj, Y.P.S., ed. Springer, New York

  5. Ooka, J.J. (1983) Taro diseases. In: Taro, a review of Colocasia esculenta and its potentials, pp. 236–257, Wang, J.K., ed. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, USA

  6. Wang, J.K. (1983) Introduction. In: Taro, a review of Colocasia esculenta and its potentials, pp. 3–13, Wang, J.K., ed. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, USA

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Additional information

This research was supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture under Cooperative State Research Service Special Grant No. 86-CSRS-2-2820, managed by the Pacific Basin Advisory Group (PBAG), to J.A. We thank Dr. Peter van Schaik for his support, Drs. Robert Ernst, Franz Hoffmann, Syoichi Ichihashi and Leslie Paul Nyman for discussions and comments on the manuscript. Kathleen Brum and Dorothea Harvey maintained the plants in the field and in the greenhouse.

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Yam, T.W., Webb, E.L. & Arditti, J. Callus formation and plantlet development from axillary buds of taro. Planta 180, 458–460 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00198801

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Key words

  • Colocasia
  • Shoot bud culture