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The dose of 1-naphthaleneacetic acid determines flower-bud regeneration in tobacco expiants at a large range of concentrations


Short-term applications of very high concentrations of 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) to expiants from flower stalks of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Samsun) induced flower-bud regeneration to the same extent as longer or continuous incubation on lower concentrations. The maximum number of flower buds per explant after 15 d of culture was obtained not only by continuous culturing at 1 μmol·l−1 NAA but also by 12 h of culturing at 22 μmol·l−1 or 0.5 h at 220 μmol· l−1, followed by incubation on medium without auxin for the remaining period. Continuous application of such high concentrations resulted in callus formation or caused the death of the explanted tissue. In all experiments in which auxin concentration and time of application were independently varied, the product of concentration and time determined the number of buds formed. Most, but not all, of the NAA taken up by the tissues was converted into conjugates. In expiants which had received a dose which was optimal for regeneration, the internal concentration of free NAA remaining beyond the pulse period was between 1.7 and 6.2 μmol·l−1. Suboptimal applications led to lower values, supraoptimal treatments to much higher internal concentrations. The physiological effect, which depends on the internal hormone concentration, thus manifested itself as dose-dependent with regard to applied hormone.

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1-naphthaleneacetic acid


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Correspondence to A. F. Croes.

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Smulders, M.J.M., Visser, E.J.W., Croes, A.F. et al. The dose of 1-naphthaleneacetic acid determines flower-bud regeneration in tobacco expiants at a large range of concentrations. Planta 180, 410–415 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00198793

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Key words

  • Auxin (flower bud, dose)
  • Cell culture (flower bud formation)
  • Flower bud formation
  • Nicotiana (flower bud formation)