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Medium-chain fatty acid biosynthesis and utilization in Brassica napus plants expressing lauroyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterase

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Abstract

We have examined production of mediumchain fatty acids by Brassica napus L. plants transformed with a California bay (Umbellularia californica) medium-chain acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterase (UcFatB1) cDNA under the control of the constitutive cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter. These plants were found to accumulate medium-chain fatty acids in seeds but not in leaves or roots. Assay of thioesterase activity in extracts of leaves indicated that lauroyl-ACP thioesterase activity is comparable to oleoyl-ACP thioesterase (EC 3.1.2.14) activity in transformant leaves. Furthermore, leaf lauroyl-ACP thioesterase activity was in excess of that which produced a significant increase in the amount of laurate (12:0) in seed. Studies in which isolated chloroplasts were 14C-labelled were used to evaluate whether medium-chain fatty acids were produced in transformed leaves. Up to 34% of the fatty acids synthesized in vitro by isolated chloroplasts were 12:0. These results demonstrate that the normally seed-localized lauroyl-ACP thioesterase can be expressed in active form in leaves, imported into chloroplasts and can access acyl-ACP intermediates of leaf de-novo fatty acid synthesis. The most likely explanation for the lack of accumulation of 12:0 in transformed leaves is its rapid degradation by β-oxidation. In support of this hypothesis, isocitrate lyase (EC 4.1.3.1) activity was found to be significantly increased in plants transformed with 35S-UcFatB1.

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Abbreviations

ACP:

acyl carrier protein

CaMV:

cauliflower mosaic virus

control:

Brassica napus cultivar 212/86

event 8:

pCGN3831-212/86-8

event 11:

pCGN3831-212/86-11

FAS:

fatty acid synthase

IL:

isocitrate lyase

KAS:

β-keto-acyl ACP synthase

MS:

malate synthase

OTE:

oleoyl-ACP thioesterase

TAG:

triacylglycerol

UcFatB1 :

California bay medium-chain acyl-ACP thioesterase

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Author information

Correspondence to John B. Ohlrogge.

Additional information

We are indebted to Calgene's Brossica-transformation, growth-chamber, greenhouse, and lipid-analysis personnel. Maelor Davies conducted the initial tranformant analysis. We thank Laura Olsen for IL and MS Western blot analysis and advice on IL and MS activity assays. This work was supported in part by a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy (No. DE-FG02-87ER12729). Acknowledgement is made to the Michigan Agricultural Experiment Station for its support of this research.

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Eccleston, V.S., Cranmer, A.M., Voelker, T.A. et al. Medium-chain fatty acid biosynthesis and utilization in Brassica napus plants expressing lauroyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterase. Planta 198, 46–53 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00197585

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Key words

  • β-Oxidation
  • Brassica
  • Fatty acid synthesis
  • Leaf
  • Medium-chain acyl-ACP thioesterase
  • Umbellularia